Journal of Diabetes Research / 2020 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Alterations of Gut Microbiota in Type 2 Diabetes Individuals and the Confounding Effect of Antidiabetic Agents

Table 1

Characteristics of the study participants.

VariableHC
()
T2DM
()
valueDiabetic clusters value for HC versus NT
MET
()
GLIM
()
NT
()
value

GenderMale1212444
Female12121.0004441.0001.000

Age (years)47.1253.870.02457.3751.2553.000.366b0.188

Marital statusMarried2223887
Single211.0000011.0001.000

ResidenceUrban1915447
Rural590.3414410.2611.000

Education levelNo formal55230
Primary school8100.9563430.1560.605
Secondary school65302
University54013

OccupationUnemployed1112642
Employee661.0000150.0600.225
Free business76231

BMI (kg/m2)24.9024.620.496a24.5123.7625.580.854c0.663

Blood glucose (mg/dl)FBG79.79148.25< 0.001a154.87118.75171.120.531b0.006a
2 h123.50

HbA1c (%)6.156.125.816.510.044c

T2DM duration (years)3.913.004.254.500.223c

For numerical data, the statistical analysis was conducted using two independent-samples -test (parametric), Mann-Whitney testa (nonparametric), one-way ANOVAb (parametric), and Kruskal-Wallis testc (nonparametric). Fisher’s exact test was involved for categorical data. Categorical and numerical data was presented as number and mean, respectively. A value of less than 0.05 was considered significant. BMI: body mass index; FBG: fasting blood glucose; GLIM: glimepiride; HbA1c: hemoglobin A1c; HC: healthy control; MET: metformin; : number; NT: nontherapeutic; T2DM: type 2 diabetes mellitus.

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