Journal of Dental Surgery / 2014 / Article / Tab 1

Review Article

Aloe vera: An Ancient Herb for Modern Dentistry—A Literature Review

Table 1

Active ingredients of Aloe vera leaf pulp and exudates.

ClassCompounds

VitaminsB1, B2, B6, C, A (β β-carotene), choline, folic acid, α α-tocopherol

EnzymesAlkaline phosphatase, amylase, carboxypeptidase, catalase, bradykinase, cyclooxidase, peroxidase, carboxypeptidase, cyclooxygenase, lipase, oxidase, phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase, superoxide dismutase

AnthraquinonesAloe emodin, aloetic acid, anthranol, aloin A and B (or collectively known as barbaloin), isobarbaloin, emodin, ester of cinnamic acid

Inorganic compoundsCalcium, chlorine, chromium, copper, iron, magnesium, manganese, selenium, zinc, potassium, phosphorous, sodium

CarbohydratesPure mannan, acetylated mannan, acetylated glucomannan (acemannan), galactan, glucogalactomannan, galactogalacturan, galactoglucoarabinomannan, arabinogalactan, pectic substance, xylan, cellulose

SaccharidesMannose, glucose, L-rhamnose, aldopentose

Organic compounds and lipidsArachidonic acid, γ γ-linolenic acid, steroids (campesterol, cholesterol, β β-sitosterol), triglycerides, triterpenoid, gibberellin, lignins, potassium sorbate, salicylic acid, uric acid

Chromones8-C-glucosyl-(2′-O-cinnamoyl)-7-O-methylaloediol A, 8-C-glucosyl-(S)-aloesol, 8-C-glucosyl-7-O-methyl-(S)-aloesol, 8-C-glucosyl-7-O-methylaloediol, 8-C-glucosyl-noreugenin, isoaloeresin D, isorabaichromone

Nonessential and essential amino acidsAlanine, arginine, aspartic acid, glutamic acid, glycine, histidine, hydroxyproline, isoleucine, leucine, lysine, methionine, phenylalanine, proline, threonine, tyrosine, valine

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