Table of Contents
Journal of Dental Surgery
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 568715, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/568715
Research Article

Assessment of the Correlation between the Implant Distance and Primary Stability by Resonance Frequency Analysis

1Department of Odontology and Buccal Health, Bordeaux University, Bordeaux, France
2CNRS-UMR 5287, Bordeaux University, Bordeaux, France
3Laboratory of Anatomy, Bordeaux University, Bordeaux, France

Received 9 April 2015; Accepted 3 June 2015

Academic Editor: Heng-Li Huang

Copyright © 2015 Samuel Jeu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objective. The aim of this study was to assess the influence of the interimplant distance on the implant primary stability (ISQ) by Resonance Frequency Analysis (RFA). Method. Forty-five implants were placed in the mandible of human cadavers and 108 in artificial bone substrates in the form of polyurethane foam blocks. Primary implant stability was successively measured first by RFA immediately after the placement of the first implant (A) and then after two other implants (B and C) proximal and distal to the first implant. The interimplant distances were defined from 1 to 6 mm and the three primary stability values measured were compared. Results. On the mandibles, no correlation was observed between the interimplant distances and primary stability. On the polyurethane foam block, the primary stability of implant A increased significantly () after the placement of implant B but remained constant after placement of implant C. Conclusion. Reducing the interimplant distance does not affect the primary stability on dry bone or artificial substrate.