Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Engineering
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 361582, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/361582
Research Article

Fire Resistance of Sewage Sludge Ash Blended Cement Pastes

Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Minia University, Minia, Egypt

Received 1 September 2012; Accepted 15 December 2012

Academic Editor: Lucian Dascalescu

Copyright © 2013 M. A. Tantawy et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. L. S. Clescerl, A. E. Greenberg, and A. D. Eaton, Standard Methods for Examination of Water and Wastewater, American Public Health Association, Washington, DC, USA, 20th edition, 1987.
  2. O. Malerius and J. Werther, “Modeling the adsorption of mercury in the flue gas of sewage sludge incineration,” Chemical Engineering Journal, vol. 96, no. 1–3, pp. 197–205, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. M. T. Ali and W. F. Chang, “Strength properties of cement-stabilized municipal solid waste incinerator ash masonry bricks,” American Concrete Institute, Materials, vol. 91, no. 3, pp. 256–263, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. J. Monzó, J. Paya, M. V. Borrachero, and A. Córcoles, “Use of sewage sludge ash(SSA)-cement admixtures in mortars,” Cement and Concrete Research, vol. 26, no. 9, pp. 1389–1398, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. J. H. Tay, W. K. Yip, and K. Y. Show, “Clay-blended sludge as lightweight aggregate concrete material,” Journal of Environmental Engineering, vol. 117, no. 6, pp. 834–844, 1991. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. C. S. Poon, S. Azhar, M. Anson, and Y. L. Wong, “Performance of metakaolin concrete at elevated temperatures,” Cement and Concrete Composites, vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 83–89, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. G. A. Khoury, “Compressive strength of concrete at high temperatures: a reassessment,” Magazine of Concrete Research, vol. 44, no. 6, p. 291, 1992. View at Google Scholar
  8. Y. F. Fu, Y. L. Wong, C. S. Poon, C. A. Tang, and P. Lin, “Experimental study of micro/macro crack development and stress-strain relations of cement-based composite materials at elevated temperatures,” Cement and Concrete Research, vol. 34, no. 5, pp. 789–797, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. H. Y. Wang, “The effects of elevated temperature on cement paste containing GGBFS,” Cement and Concrete Composites, vol. 30, no. 10, pp. 992–999, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. H. F. W. Taylor, Cement Chemistry, Thomas Telford, London, UK, 2nd edition, 1997.
  11. I. Janotka and T. Nürnbergerová, “Effect of temperature on structural quality of the cement paste and high-strength concrete with silica fume,” Nuclear Engineering and Design, vol. 235, no. 17-19, pp. 2019–2032, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. G. F. Peng and Z. S. Huang, “Change in microstructure of hardened cement paste subjected to elevated temperatures,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 593–599, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. M. Castellote, C. Alonso, C. Andrade, X. Turrillas, and J. Campo, “Composition and microstructural changes of cement pastes upon heating, as studied by neutron diffraction,” Cement and Concrete Research, vol. 34, no. 9, pp. 1633–1644, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. H. Ai, J. F. Young, and G. W. Scherer, “Thermal expansion kinetics: Method to measure permeability of cementitious materials: II, Application to hardened cement pastes,” Journal of the American Ceramic Society, vol. 84, no. 2, pp. 385–391, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. A. Petzold and M. Rohr, Concrete for High Temperatures, Maclaren and Sons, London, UK, 1970.
  16. Y. Xu, Y. L. Wong, C. S. Poon, and M. Anson, “Influence of PFA on cracking of concrete and cement paste after exposure to high temperatures,” Cement and Concrete Research, vol. 33, no. 12, pp. 2009–2016, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. M. M. Morsy, S. S. Shebl, and A. M. Rashad, “Effect of fire on microstructure and mechanical properties of blended cement pastes containing metakaolin and silica fume,” Asian Journal of Civil Engineering, vol. 9, no. 2, p. 93, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  18. H. El-Didamony, E. Abd El-Rahman, and R. M. Osman, “Fire resistance of fired clay bricks-fly ash composite cement pastes,” Ceramics International, vol. 38, p. 201, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  19. D. D. Vu, P. Stroeven, and V. B. Bui, “Strength and durability aspects of calcined kaolin-blended Portland cement mortar and concrete,” Cement and Concrete Composites, vol. 23, no. 6, pp. 471–478, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. M. Heikal, “Effect of temperature on the physico-mechanical and mineralogical properties of Homra pozzolanic cement pastes,” Cement and Concrete Research, vol. 30, no. 11, pp. 1835–1839, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. X. Liu, G. Ye, G. De Schutter, Y. Yuan, and L. Taerwe, “On the mechanism of polypropylene fibres in preventing fire spalling in self-compacting and high-performance cement paste,” Cement and Concrete Research, vol. 38, no. 4, pp. 487–499, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. C. M. A. Fontes, M. C. Barbosa, R. D. T. Filho, and J. P. Goncalves, “Potentiality of sewage sludge ash as mineral additive in cement mortar and high performance concrete,” in Proceedings of the International RILEM Conference on the Use of Recycled Materials in Buildings and Structures, p. 797, Barcelona, Spain, 2004.
  23. M. A. Tantawy, A. M. El-Roudi, E. M. Abdalla, and M. A. Abdelzaher, “Evaluation of the pozzolanic activity of sewage sludge ash,” ISRN Chemical Engineering, vol. 2012, Article ID 487037, 8 pages, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  24. R. de' Gennaro, P. Cappelletti, G. Cerri, M. de' Gennaro, M. Dondi, and A. Langella, “Zeolitic tuffs as raw materials for lightweight aggregates,” Applied Clay Science, vol. 25, no. 1-2, pp. 71–81, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. ASTM Designation: C109-80, “Standard test methods for compressive strength of hydraulic cements,” Annual Book of ASTM Standards, 1983.
  26. J. Pavlik, V. Tydlitat, R. Cerny, T. Klecka, P. Bouska, and P. Rovnanikova, “Application of a microwave impulse technique to the measurement of free water content in early hydration stages of cement paste,” Cement and Concrete Research, vol. 33, p. 93, 2003. View at Google Scholar
  27. L. E. Copeland and T. C. Hayes, “Porosity of hardened Portland cement pastes,” American Concrete Institute, Materials, vol. 27, p. 633, 1956. View at Google Scholar
  28. ISO 5018:1983, “Determination of true density of refractory and other raw materials”.
  29. ASTM Designation: C 618-89, “Standard specification for coal fly ash and raw or calcined natural pozzolana for use as a mineral admixture in concrete,” Annual Book of ASTM standards, 1998.
  30. K. Baltakys, R. Jauberthie, R. Siauciunas, and R. Kaminskas, “Influence of modification of SiO2 on the formation of calcium silicate hydrate,” Materials Science- Poland, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 663–670, 2007. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. Y. N. Chan, G. F. Peng, and M. Anson, “Residual strength and pore structure of high-strength concrete and normal strength concrete after exposure to high temperatures,” Cement and Concrete Composites, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 23–27, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. C. Alonso and L. Fernandez, “Dehydration and rehydration processes of cement paste exposed to high temperature environments,” Journal of Materials Science, vol. 39, no. 9, pp. 3015–3024, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus