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Journal of Engineering
Volume 2013, Article ID 580805, 5 pages
Research Article

Effect of the Preheating Temperature on Process Time in Friction Stir Welding of Al 6061-T6

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Nils Koppels Allé, 2800 Kongens Lyngby, Denmark

Received 2 October 2012; Revised 15 April 2013; Accepted 15 April 2013

Academic Editor: Brian Uy

Copyright © 2013 Masoud Jabbari. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


This paper presents the results obtained and the deductions made from an analytical modeling involving friction stir welding of Al 6061-T6. A new database was developed to simulate the contact temperature between the tool and the workpiece. A second-order equation is proposed for simulating the temperature in the contact boundary and the thermal history during the plunge phase. The effect of the preheating temperature on the process time was investigated with the proposed model. The results show that an increase of the preheating time leads to a decrease in the process time up to the plunge and the preheating stage. Results of modeling the thermal history showed acceptable agreement with corresponding experimental data from the literature.