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Journal of Engineering
Volume 2013, Article ID 937614, 8 pages
Review Article

A Review of Existing Microgrid Architectures

Electrical Power Research Centre (EPRC), School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Dublin Institute of Technology, Kevin Street, Dublin 8, Ireland

Received 13 December 2012; Revised 28 February 2013; Accepted 2 March 2013

Academic Editor: Keat Teong Lee

Copyright © 2013 Lubna Mariam et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The future electricity network must be flexible, accessible, reliable, and economic according to the worldwide smartgrid initiative. This is also echoed by the Sustainable Energy Authority of Ireland (SEAI) and European Electricity Grid Initiative (EEGI). In order to facilitate these objectives and to reduce green house gas (GHG) emission, research on various configurations of microgrid (μG) system is gaining importance, particularly with high penetration of renewable energy sources. Depending on the resource availability, geographical locations, load demand, and existing electrical transmission and distribution system, μG can be either connected to the grid or can work in an autonomous mode. Storage can also be a part of the μG architecture. This paper presents a critical literature review of various μG architectures. The benefits of grid-connected or isolated μG with storage have also been identified.