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Journal of Engineering
Volume 2016, Article ID 5246435, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/5246435
Research Article

Financial and Performance Analyses of Microcontroller Based Solar-Powered Autorickshaw for a Developing Country

1Department of Electrical, Electronic & Communication Engineering, Military Institute of Science and Technology (MIST), Mirpur, Dhaka 1216, Bangladesh
2Institute of Information Technology, Jahangirnagar University, Savar, Dhaka 1342, Bangladesh

Received 28 February 2016; Revised 13 June 2016; Accepted 30 June 2016

Academic Editor: Andrzej Bartoszewicz

Copyright © 2016 Abu Raihan Mohammad Siddique and M. Shamim Kaiser. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This paper presents a case study to examine the economic viability and performance analysis of a microcontroller based solar powered battery operated autorickshaw (m-SBAR), for the developing countries, which is compared with different types of rickshaws such as pedal rickshaw (PR), battery operated autorickshaw (BAR), and solar-powered battery operated autorickshaw (SBAR), available in Bangladesh. The BAR consists of a rickshaw structure, a battery bank, a battery charge controller, a DC motor driver, and a DC motor whereas the proposed m-SBAR contains additional components like solar panel and microcontroller based DC motor driver. The complete design considered the local radiation data and load profile of the proposed m-SBAR. The Levelized Cost of Energy (LCOE) analysis, Net Present Worth, payback periods, and Benefit-to-Cost Ratio methods have been used to evaluate the financial feasibility and sensitivity analysis of m-SBAR, grid-powered BAR, and PR. The numerical analysis reveals that LCOE and Benefit-to-Cost Ratio of the proposed m-SBAR are lower compared to the grid-powered BAR. It has also been found that microcontroller based DC motor control circuit reduces battery discharge rate, improves battery life, and controls motor speed efficiency.