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Journal of Engineering
Volume 2016, Article ID 9608757, 27 pages
Review Article

Routing in Wireless Multimedia Sensor Networks: A Survey of Existing Protocols and Open Research Issues

1Deenbandhu Chhotu Ram University of Science and Technology, Murthal, Sonepat 131039, India
2SRM University Haryana, Sonepat 131029, India

Received 28 November 2015; Accepted 23 March 2016

Academic Editor: Kuei-Ping Shih

Copyright © 2016 Vikas Bhandary et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


With the advancement of wireless sensor networks (WSNs) and technology, applicability of WSNs as a system is touching new heights. The development of multimedia nodes has led to the creation of another intelligent distributed system, which can transfer real-time multimedia traffic, ubiquitously. Wireless multimedia sensor networks (WMSNs) are applicable in a wide range of areas including area monitoring and video surveillance. But due to unreliable error-prone communication medium and application specific quality of service (QoS) requirements, routing of real-time multimedia traffic in WMSNs poses a serious problem. The paper discusses various existing routing strategies in WMSNs, with their properties and limitations which lead to open research issues. Further, detailed classification and analytical comparison of discussed protocols are also presented.