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Journal of Engineering
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 4015102, 13 pages
Review Article

A Concise Presentation of Doubly Fed Induction Generator Wind Energy Conversion Systems Challenges and Solutions

1Department of Electrical Engineering, School of Automation, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi’an 710129, China
2Automatic Control Department, School of Mechano-Electronic Engineering, Xidian University, Xi’an 710071, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Julius Mwaniki; moc.liamg@awmakuj

Received 10 March 2017; Accepted 11 May 2017; Published 20 June 2017

Academic Editor: Kamran Iqbal

Copyright © 2017 Julius Mwaniki et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


There is increased worldwide wind power generation, a large percentage of which is grid connected. The doubly fed induction generator (DFIG) wind energy conversion system (WECS) has many merits and, as a result, large numbers have been installed to date. The DFIG WECS operation, under both steady state and fault conditions, is of great interest since it impacts on grid performance. This review paper presents a condensed look at the various applied solutions to the challenges of the DFIG WECS including maximum power point tracking, common mode voltages, subsynchronous resonance, losses, modulation, power quality, and faults both internal and from the grid. It also looks at approaches used to meet the increasingly stringent grid codes requirements for the DFIG WECS to not only ride through faults but also provide voltage support. These are aspects of the DFIG WECS that are critical for system operators and prospective investors and can also serve as an introduction for new entrants into this area of study.