Journal of Engineering / 2017 / Article / Fig 7

Research Article

Membrane Fouling and Chemical Cleaning in Three Full-Scale Reverse Osmosis Plants Producing Demineralized Water

Figure 7

Change in salt rejection after standard plant cleaning procedure (PP) and two adapted cleaning procedures (AP I and AP II) for membrane and spacer samples from locations I, II, and III. Chemical cleaning of full-scale fouled membrane elements was performed in laboratory test cell; error bars represent standard deviation .

Article of the Year Award: Outstanding research contributions of 2020, as selected by our Chief Editors. Read the winning articles.