Journal of Engineering / 2017 / Article / Fig 8

Research Article

Membrane Fouling and Chemical Cleaning in Three Full-Scale Reverse Osmosis Plants Producing Demineralized Water

Figure 8

TOC and ATP removal after standard plant cleaning procedure (PP) and two adapted cleaning procedures (AP I and AP II) for membrane and spacer samples from locations I, II, and III. Chemical cleaning of full-scale fouled membrane elements was performed in laboratory test cell; error bars represent standard deviation .

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