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Journal of Engineering
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 6356751, 14 pages
Research Article

Membrane Fouling and Chemical Cleaning in Three Full-Scale Reverse Osmosis Plants Producing Demineralized Water

1Laboratory of Microbiology, Wageningen University, Stippeneng 4, 6708 WE Wageningen, Netherlands
2Wetsus, European Centre of Excellence for Sustainable Water Technology, Oostergoweg 9, 8911 MA Leeuwarden, Netherlands

Correspondence should be addressed to Caroline M. Plugge

Received 16 December 2016; Revised 16 May 2017; Accepted 18 May 2017; Published 15 June 2017

Academic Editor: Justo Lobato

Copyright © 2017 Florian Beyer et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Supplementary Material

Supplementary Data S1: RO plant design and pre-treatment of three locations studied.

Supplementary Data S2: Schematic representation of the high-pressure setup for cleaning studies and the cleaning setup used in present study.

Supplementary Data S3: Energy dispersive X-Ray spectroscopy (EDS) spectra and related elemental analysis of three installations studied.

Supplementary Data S4: Operational and cleaning limitations of the membranes used in the three RO locations investigated in this study.

  1. Supplementary Material