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Research Letters in Signal Processing
Volume 2007, Article ID 52745, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2007/52745
Research Letter

A Novel Beamforming Technique for Highways Coverage Using High-Altitude Platforms

Department of Electronics and Electrical Communications Engineering, Faculty of Electronic Engineering, Menoufia University, Menouf 32952, Egypt

Received 18 July 2007; Accepted 11 November 2007

Academic Editor: Chi Chung Ko

Copyright © 2007 Yasser Albagory. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This paper proposes a novel beamforming technique to form an arbitrary-shaped cell for the high-altitude platforms (HAPs) mobile communications. The new technique is based on pattern summation of individual low-sidelobe, narrow beams which constitute the desired cell pattern weighted by an amplitude correcting function. The new cell pattern can be adapted to cover the main highways forming worm-shaped cells which may cover the highway for long distances up to 100 km and it will have an important role in reducing frequent handoffs and signaling traffic of location updating from moving users over the long highways.