Research Letter

Modeling Distance and Bandwidth Dependency of TOA-Based UWB Ranging Error for Positioning

Table 1

Parameters for the characterization of 𝑚 ( 𝐵 , 𝑑 ) and of 𝑆 ( 𝐵 , 𝑑 ) .

𝑚 ( 𝐵 , 𝑑 ) : 𝑚 0 (m) 𝑚 1 𝑚 2 (GHz) 𝑚 3

LOS00.01480.480
NLOS0.0190.0270.470.013

𝑆 ( 𝐵 , 𝑑 ) : ğœŽ 𝑆 0 (m) 𝛼 𝑔 1 ( m − 𝛼 ) 𝑔 2 (GHz)

LOS0.0161.50.640.60
NLOS0.0491.50.210.73