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Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering
Volume 2010 (2010), Article ID 185791, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2010/185791
Research Article

A Probabilistic Protocol for Multihop Routing in VANETs

Toyota InfoTechnology Center USA, c/o Telcordia Technologies, One Telcordia Drive, Piscataway, NJ 08854-4157, USA

Received 25 February 2010; Accepted 10 August 2010

Academic Editor: Soumaya Cherkaoui

Copyright © 2010 Junichiro Fukuyama. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Vehicular ad hoc networks (VANETs) allow communications over sequences of vehicles with radio devices. There are many possible applications over a VANET such as traffic jam warning, collision warning, parking lot reservations, camera picture feed , and so forth. There have been quite a few results in the area seeking for a fast and reliable communication protocol due to their potential. VANETs, however, are pointed out as difficult for numerical optimizations due to frequent changes in their topologies. As a result, heuristic methods such as GPSR have been mainly used for routing packets over multihop communications. In this paper, we present an algorithm to precompute the probability that communication is possible between specified source and destination in a VANET, under certain mathematical assumption. The proposed new protocol for multihop communication refers to a lookup table containing the precomputed data to decide a good packet forwarder quickly. We create a simulation testbed that seems challenging for all the existing multihop routing protocols for VANETs, in which we test ours. We see much improved performances over GPSR after the algorithm is refined for some practical issues.