Table of Contents
Journal of Ecosystems
Volume 2014, Article ID 607528, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/607528
Research Article

Impact of Environmental Factors on the Carbon Dynamics at Hooghly Estuarine Region

1Ecological Modelling Laboratory, Department of Zoology, Visva-Bharati University, Santiniketan 731235, India
2Institute of Engineering and Management, Y-12, Sector-V, Salt Lake City, Kolkata 700 091, India

Received 30 May 2014; Revised 23 July 2014; Accepted 19 August 2014; Published 11 September 2014

Academic Editor: Winn-Jung Huang

Copyright © 2014 Joyita Mukherjee et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Degradation of litter from mangrove forests adjacent to the creeks at Sagar Island of the Hooghly-Matla estuarine ecosystem is one of the principal sources of nutrient to the estuary. This system receives a major load of carbon from adjacent mangrove forest in the form of litterfall throughout the year. Keeping in view, the effect of environmental factor on the dynamics of carbon is studied through multivariate statistics. Essential environmental variables like soil carbon, dissolved carbon, temperature, salinity, pH, and dissolved oxygen are analyzed following standard protocol. Multivariate statistical analyses like correlation, regression, and centered PCA ordination are done in order to know the impact of environmental variables on carbon dynamics. The results reflect a close intercorrelation among the studied environmental variables and carbon. It also emphasizes the fact that soil and water temperature, and dissolved oxygen affect soil carbon dynamics, whereas salinity and pH of soil and water greatly regulate dissolved carbon dynamics. The variance pattern of these studied variables through seasons is also enumerated by PCA ordination studies.