Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Energy
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 483813, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/483813
Research Article

Microwave Assisted Alkali Pretreatment of Rice Straw for Enhancing Enzymatic Digestibility

1Centre for Environment Science and Climate Resilient Agriculture, IARI, New Delhi 110012, India
2Civil Engineering, Architecture and Building (CAB), Faculty of Engineering and Computing, Coventry University, Priory Street, Coventry CV1 5FB, UK

Received 8 August 2013; Accepted 6 January 2014; Published 25 March 2014

Academic Editor: S. Venkata Mohan

Copyright © 2014 Renu Singh et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. A. J. Ragauskas, C. K. Williams, B. H. Davison et al., “The path forward for biofuels and biomaterials,” Science, vol. 311, no. 5760, pp. 484–489, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. S. A. Ravoof, K. Prateepa, T. Supassri, and S. Chittibabu, “Enhancing enzymatic hydrolysis of rice straw using microwave-assisted nitric acid pretreatment,” International Journal of Medicine and Biosciences, vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 13–17, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  3. X. B. Zhao, L. Wang, and D. Liu, “Effect of several factors on peracetic acid pretreatment of sugarcane bagasse for enzymatic hydrolysis,” Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology, vol. 82, no. 12, pp. 1115–1121, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. R. C. Sun, Cereal Straw as a Resource for sustainable biomaterials and Biofuels, Elsevier, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 2010.
  5. B. Gadde, C. Menke, and R. Wassmann, “Rice straw as a renewable energy source in India, Thailand, and the Philippines: overall potential and limitations for energy contribution and greenhouse gas mitigation,” Biomass and Bioenergy, vol. 33, no. 11, pp. 1532–1546, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. G. Gong, D. Liu, and Y. Huang, “Microwave-assisted organic acid pretreatment for enzymatic hydrolysis of rice straw,” Biosystems Engineering, vol. 107, no. 2, pp. 67–73, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. Y. Sun and J. Cheng, “Hydrolysis of lignocellulosic materials for ethanol production: a review,” Bioresource Technology, vol. 83, no. 1, pp. 1–11, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. S. D. Zhu, Pretreatment by microwave/alkali of rice straw and its saccharification and fermentation ethanol production [Ph.D. thesis], Huazhong Agriculture University, Wuhan, China, 2005.
  9. K. Karimi, G. Emtiazi, and M. J. Taherzadeh, “Ethanol production from dilute-acid pretreated rice straw by simultaneous saccharification and fermentation with Mucor indicus, Rhizopus oryzae, and Saccharomyces cerevisiae,” Enzyme and Microbial Technology, vol. 40, no. 1, pp. 138–144, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. C. G. Liu and C. E. Wyman, “Partial flow of compressed-hot water through corn stover to enhance hemicellulose sugar recovery and enzymatic digestibility of cellulose,” Bioresource Technology, vol. 96, no. 18, pp. 1978–1985, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. L. T. Fan, Y. H. Lee, and M. M. Gharpuray, “The nature of ligno-cellulosics and their pretreatments for enzymatic hydrolysis,” Advances in Biochemical Engineering, vol. 23, pp. 157–187, 1982. View at Google Scholar
  12. S. Zhu, Y. Wu, Z. Yu, J. Liao, and Y. Zhang, “Pretreatment by microwave/alkali of rice straw and its enzymic hydrolysis,” Process Biochemistry, vol. 40, no. 9, pp. 3082–3086, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. R. E. Newnham, S. J. Jang, M. Xu, and F. Jones, “Fundamental interaction mechanisms between microwaves and matter,” in Ceramic Tranctions, Microwaves: Theory and Application in Materials Processing, D. E. Clark, F. D. Gac, and W. H. Sutton, Eds., vol. 21, America Ceramic Society, Westerville, Ohio, USA, 1991. View at Google Scholar
  14. J. Azuma, F. Tanaka, and T. Koshijima, “Enhancement of enzymatic susceptibility of ligno-cellulosic wastes by microwave irradiation,” Journal of Fermentation Technology, vol. 63, pp. 377–384, 1984. View at Google Scholar
  15. H. Ooshima, K. Aso, Y. Harano, and T. Yamamoto, “Microwave treatment of cellulosic materials for their enzymatic hydrolysis,” Biotechnology Letters, vol. 6, no. 5, pp. 289–294, 1984. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. P. Kitchaiya, P. Intanakul, and M. Krairiksh, “Enhancement of enzymatic hydrolysis of lignocellulosic wastes by microwave pretreatment under atmospheric pressure,” Journal of Wood Chemistry and Technology, vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 217–225, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. C. Eskicioglu, K. J. Kennedy, and R. L. Droste, “Enhancement of batch waste activated sludge digestion by microwave pretreatment,” Water Environment Research, vol. 79, no. 11, pp. 2304–2317, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. C. Eskicioglu, N. Terzian, K. J. Kennedy, R. L. Droste, and M. Hamoda, “Athermal microwave effects for enhancing digestibility of waste activated sludge,” Water Research, vol. 41, no. 11, pp. 2457–2466, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. M. J. Taherzadeh and K. Karimi, “Pretreatment of lignocellulosic wastes to improve ethanol and biogas production: a review,” International Journal of Molecular Sciences, vol. 9, no. 9, pp. 1621–1651, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. P. Alvira, E. Tomás-Pejó, M. Ballesteros, and M. J. Negro, “Pretreatment technologies for an efficient bioethanol production process based on enzymatic hydrolysis: a review,” Bioresource Technology, vol. 101, no. 13, pp. 4851–4861, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. J. Shi, Y. Pu, B. Yang, A. Ragauskas, and C. E. Wyman, “Comparison of microwaves to fluidized sand baths for heating tubular reactors for hydrothermal and dilute acid batch pretreatment of corn stover,” Bioresource Technology, vol. 102, no. 10, pp. 5952–5961, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. D. Jackowiak, J. C. Frigon, T. Ribeiro, A. Pauss, and S. Guiot, “Enhancing solubilisation and methane production kinetic of switchgrass by microwave pretreatment,” Bioresource Technology, vol. 102, no. 3, pp. 3535–3540, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. Z. Hu and Z. Wen, “Enhancing enzymatic digestibility of switchgrass by microwave-assisted alkali pretreatment,” Biochemical Engineering Journal, vol. 38, no. 3, pp. 369–378, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. S. L. C. Ferreira, R. E. Bruns, E. G. P. da Silva et al., “Statistical designs and response surface techniques for the optimization of chromatographic systems,” Journal of Chromatography A, vol. 1158, no. 1-2, pp. 2–14, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. B. L. Manjunath, H. R. Prabhu Desai, S. Talaulikar, and V. S. Korikanthimath, “Selection of scented rice (Oryza sativa) and its value-addition for higher profitability,” Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, vol. 78, no. 8, pp. 663–666, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. M. Saritha, A. Arora, and L. Nain, “Pretreatment of paddy straw with Trametes hirsuta for improved enzymatic saccharification,” Bioresource Technology, vol. 104, pp. 459–465, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. G. L. Miller, “Use of Dinitro-salicyclic acid reagent for determination of reducing sugar,” Analytical Chemistry, vol. 31, pp. 1843–1848, 1959. View at Google Scholar
  28. L. Segal, J. Creely, A. Martin, and C. Conrad, “An empirical method for estimating the degree of crystallinity of native cellulose using the X-ray diffractometer,” Textile Research Journal, vol. 29, pp. 786–794, 1959. View at Google Scholar
  29. E. Gümüşkaya and M. Usta, “Crystalline structure properties of bleached and unbleached wheat straw (Triticum aestivum L.) soda-oxygen pulp,” Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry, vol. 26, no. 5, pp. 247–252, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. T. Ehrman, “Determination of Acid-soluble Lignin in biomass,” NREL Chemical Analysis and Testing Task Laboratory Analytical Procedure-004, pp. 1–7, 1996.
  31. A. L. Pometto III and D. L. Crawford, “Catabolic fate of Streptomyces viridosporus T7A-produced, acid-precipitable polymeric lignin upon incubation with ligninolytic Streptomyces species and Phanerochaete chrysosporium,” Applied and Environmental Microbiology, vol. 51, no. 1, pp. 171–179, 1986. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. C. Namasivayam and D. Kavitha, “IR, XRD and SEM studies on the mechanism of adsorption of dyes and phenols by coir pith carbon from aqueous phase,” Microchemical Journal, vol. 82, no. 1, pp. 43–48, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. G. Gong, D. Liu, and Y. Huang, “Microwave-assisted organic acid pretreatment for enzymatic hydrolysis of rice straw,” Biosystems Engineering, vol. 107, no. 2, pp. 67–73, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. J. Lu and P. Zhou, “Optimization of microwave-assisted FeCl3 pretreatment conditions of rice straw and utilization of Trichoderma viride and Bacillus pumilus for production of reducing sugars,” Bioresource Technology, vol. 102, no. 13, pp. 6966–6971, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. T. Řezanka and K. Sigler, “Biologically active compounds of semi-metals,” Phytochemistry, vol. 69, no. 3, pp. 585–606, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. T. H. Kim and Y. Y. Lee, “Pretreatment and fractionation of corn stover by ammonia recycle percolation process,” Bioresource Technology, vol. 96, no. 18, pp. 2007–2013, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. J. P. O'Dwyer, L. Zhu, C. B. Granda, and M. T. Holtzapple, “Enzymatic hydrolysis of lime-pretreated corn stover and investigation of the HCH-1 model: inhibition pattern, degree of inhibition, validity of simplified HCH-1 Model,” Bioresource Technology, vol. 98, no. 16, pp. 2969–2977, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. N. Mosier, C. Wyman, B. Dale et al., “Features of promising technologies for pretreatment of lignocellulosic biomass,” Bioresource Technology, vol. 96, no. 6, pp. 673–686, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. T. Jeoh, C. I. Ishizawa, M. F. Davis, M. E. Himmel, W. S. Adney, and D. K. Johnson, “Cellulase digestibility of pretreated biomass is limited by cellulose accessibility,” Biotechnology and Bioengineering, vol. 98, no. 1, pp. 112–122, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. C. T. Yu, W. H. Chen, L. C. Men, and W. S. Hwang, “Microscopic structure features changes of rice straw treated by boiled acid solution,” Industrial Crops and Products, vol. 29, no. 2-3, pp. 308–315, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. V. S. Chang and M. T. Holtzapple, “Fundamental factors affecting biomass enzymatic reactivity,” Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology, vol. 84–86, pp. 5–37, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. S. Kim and M. T. Holtzapple, “Effect of structural features on enzyme digestibility of corn stover,” Bioresource Technology, vol. 97, no. 4, pp. 583–591, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. J. S. Bak, J. K. Ko, Y. H. Han, B. C. Lee, I. G. Choi, and K. H. Kim, “Improved enzymatic hydrolysis yield of rice straw using electron beam irradiation pretreatment,” Bioresource Technology, vol. 100, no. 3, pp. 1285–1290, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  44. L. Liu, J. Sun, M. Li, S. Wang, H. Pei, and J. Zhang, “Enhanced enzymatic hydrolysis and structural features of corn stover by FeCl3 pretreatment,” Bioresource Technology, vol. 100, no. 23, pp. 5853–5858, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  45. H. Ma, W. W. Liu, X. Chen, Y. J. Wu, and Z. L. Yu, “Enhanced enzymatic saccharification of rice straw by microwave pretreatment,” Bioresource Technology, vol. 100, no. 3, pp. 1279–1284, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus