Effects of DNA Immunoadsorption Combined with Medication on Immune Function and Renal Function in Patients with Systemic Lupus ErythematosusRead the full article
Journal of Environmental and Public Health publishes research covering all population-wide health issues. The journal serves the public health community: epidemiologists, clinicians, toxicologists, governmental agencies, policy makers, and NGOs.
Chief Editor, Dr Ike S. Okosun, is a Fellow of the Royal Society for the Promotion of Health, The Obesity Society and the Royal Institute of Public Health and Hygiene. His research focuses on epidemiology of hypertension, type 2 diabetes, obesity and metabolic syndrome.
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Correlation between High Myopia Susceptibility and Polymorphisms of RASGRF1 Gene among College Students in Zhejiang
Objective. The aim of the study is to analyze the correlation between high myopia susceptibility and Ras protein-specific guanine nucleotide-releasing factor-1(RASGRF1) gene polymorphism among college students in Zhejiang. Methods. A stratified whole-group sampling method was used to select 218 cases of college students in Zhejiang who met the inclusion and exclusion criteria from January, 2019, to December, 2021, and they were divided into 77 cases (154 eyes) in the high myopia group and 141 cases (282 eyes) in the medium-low myopia group according to the degree of myopia, and 109 cases of college volunteers without myopia from the same period of medical examination in the region were included in the control group. The single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) located in functional regions were selected by searching the literature and genetic databases, and the base sequences of rs939658, rs4778879, and rs8033417 loci were obtained by genotyping candidate SNPs using multiplex ligase detection reaction technique. The cardinality test was used to compare the differences in genotype frequency distribution of each locus of the RASGRF1 gene between the high myopia group and the low to moderate myopia group and the control group. Results. The genotype frequencies and allele frequencies of the RASGRF1 gene rs939658 locus in the high myopia group compared with the moderate-low myopia group and the control group were not statistically significant . The genotype frequencies and allele frequencies of the rs4778879 locus of the RASGRF1 gene were compared among the three groups, and the differences were not statistically significant . The genotype frequency and allele frequency of the rs8033417 locus of the RASGRF1 gene differed significantly among the three groups . Conclusion. The polymorphism of the rs8033417 locus of the RASGRF1 gene was significantly correlated with the susceptibility of high myopia among college students in Zhejiang.
Pro-Poor Hydraulic Governmentality: Sustainable Water Management and Local Livelihoods in Mekong Delta
This article considers and adds empirical nuances to the recent conceptualization of pro-poor water management. Using the concept of pro-poor hydraulic governmentality along the Vietnam-Cambodia border of Thường Phước commune, we argue that water management is linked to local rural livelihoods in a complex and dynamic pro-poor mechanism. While certain policies organize local populations according to cost-effectiveness ignoring local customs, the practicalities of dealing with such constraints are much more ambivalent. This article demonstrates the structural pro-poor complexity among sand excavation, riverbank landslides, water management, local livelihoods, and populace resettlement. The government’s resettlement plans and the perceptions of residents of these plans are intertwined with a wider political, economic, social, and cultural significance in the context of strong institutional power in Vietnam. Limitations and future research agenda are also indicated in the discussion and conclusion section.
Analysis on Logistics Efficiency Measurement of New Western Land-Sea Corridor under the Background of “Double Carbon” and Ecological Environment Protection
Under the research background of ecological environment protection and “double carbon” goal, this paper applies panel data on the logistics industry from 2010 to 2019 in 12 provinces of China’s new western land-sea corridor to statically measure the logistics industry’s technical efficiency after taking into account the impact of different environmental elements and to analyze the dynamics trends of total factor productivity in the logistics sector. It is measured by using the three-stage SBM model and the Malmquist–Luenberger productivity index, which considers undesirable output. The findings indicate the following: (1) In the context of “double carbon,” the overall technical efficiency of the logistics sector in the new western land-sea corridor seems to be relatively low; however, the average technical efficiency of the logistics sector in the southern portion of the new western land-sea corridor does seem to be higher than that of the northern part. (2) The logistics industry’s technical efficiency varies greatly by region, with locations near central China having much higher technical efficiency than remote inland areas. (3) The fundamental reason for the improvement of technical efficiency in the logistics industry is pure technical efficiency, and the driving force behind the increase in total factor productivity is technological advancement. (4) Economic development, informatization development, industrial market scale, and import and export all have a substantial influence on the logistics industry’s technical efficiency. Finally, depending on the findings, policy recommendations are offered.
A Statistical Synopsis of COVID-19 Components and Descriptive Analysis of Their Socio-Economic and Healthcare Aspects in Bangladesh Perspective
The aim of the work is to analyze the socio-economic and healthcare aspects that arise in the contemporary COVID-19 situation from Bangladesh perspective. We elaborately discuss the successive COVID-19 occurrences in Bangladesh with consequential information. The components associated with the COVID-19 commencement and treatment policy with corresponding features and their consequences are patently delineated. The effect of troublesome issues related to the treatment is detailed with supporting real-time data. We elucidate the applications of modern technologies advancement in epidemiological aspects and their existent compatibility in Bangladesh. We statistically analyze the real-time data through figurative and tabular approaches. Some relevant measures of central tendency and dispersion are utilized to explore the data structure and its observable specifications. For a clear manifestation, scores of the COVID-19 components are analyzed through the Box-Whisker plot. We have discovered that the gathered data exhibit features that are unsatisfactory for the normal distribution, are highly positively skewed, and are predominated by the earliest occurrences. Infections and deaths were initially lower than the global average, but they drastically rose in the first quarter of 2021 and persisted for the remainder of the year. Substantial preventive results were produced by the region-wisetime-worthy moves. In the fourth quarter of 2021, the infections and deaths noticeably decreased, and the number of recoveries was highly significant. In the middle of 2022, a lethal rise in infections was observed in Bangladesh and that was quickly stabilized, and the pandemic ingredients were under control. According to our assessment, some concluding remarks are made at the end of this work.
Government-Enterprise Collusion and the Effectiveness of Environmental Regulations: Implications for Public Health
Effective environmental management will create a win-win situation for building an ecological civilization with the potential to control the COVID-19 pandemic. From the perspective of government-enterprise collusion (GEC), this study analyzes the moderating effects of the officials’ promotion incentives and turnover on the effectiveness of environmental regulations utilizing a panel dataset on 276 cities in China from 2003 to 2019. The study reveals the following empirical results: First, promotion incentives positively moderate the relationship between environmental regulations and environmental pollution, mainly air pollution; results for water pollution are not significant. Compared with general cities, the positive moderating effect of promotion incentives in high-level cities is weaker and the negative moderating effect is more potent. Additionally, the moderating effect of promotion incentives is predominantly positive in the new developmental stage from 2013 to 2019. Second, the negative moderating effect of officials’ turnover on the effectiveness of environmental regulations is mainly observed for water pollution but not evident for air pollution. Compared with high-level cities, officials’ turnover in general cities is more conducive to the effectiveness of environmental regulations. These findings provide beneficial insights for promoting green growth by improving official governance and destroying GEC.
Study on Key Drivers and Collaborative Management Strategies for Construction and Demolition Waste Utilization in New Urban District Development: From a Social Network Perspective
Construction and demolition waste (C&DW) during new district development shows the characteristics of large quantity, concentrated distribution, and long duration on both supply and demand sides. The construction of the new district has objective conditions to promote the scale development of recycling industries and achieve green development through local digestion, so the recycling indicators for the new district proposed by the government are generally higher than those of other regions. However, many new districts have yet to systematically identify key drivers (KDs) of recycling and form win-win governance mechanisms with multiple government and market subjects, resulting in uncontrolled accumulation or high-cost discard of C&DW. This paper identifies 29 recycling drivers and 8 governing subjects through literature research and a field study of five national new districts in China. Then, a 2-mode social network and two 1-mode social networks are constructed to analyze the complex interactions between drivers and governing subjects, taking Nanjing Jiangbei New District as an example. The results of the study show that most of the drivers need at least 2 governance subjects to promote together, which indicates that it is necessary to build a collaborative governance mechanism of multiple subjects. This study provides a structured framework to analyze the drivers of recycling in new district development and the collaborative governance of multiple subjects, which can provide a basis for promoting efficient recycling of new district development.