Journal of Environmental and Public Health / 2009 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Experienced Poor Lighting Contributes to the Seasonal Fluctuations in Weight and Appetite That Relate to the Metabolic Syndrome

Table 1

Determinants of the metabolic and mental factors of the Global Seasonality Score on Seasonal Pattern Assessment Questionnaire.

Global Seasonality Score
The metabolic factorThe mental factor
Explanatory variableEstimateStandard error value valueEstimateStandard error value value

Waist circumference0.00720.000957.59<.0001−0.00110.00093−1.16.25
Pelvic circumference0.0150.00169.46<.00010.00190.00131.48.14
Female sexreferencereference
Male sex−0.200.025−8.01<.0001−0.140.023−6.29<.0001
Normal self-reported lighting at homereferencereference
Poor self-reported lighting at home0.410.0974.20<.00010.140.0841.62.11
Low GHQ-12 sum scorereferencereference
High GHQ-12 sum score0.170.0364.65<.00010.520.03713.80<.0001
Low BDI sum scorereferencereference
Medium BDI sum score0.130.0304.21<.00010.340.02911.73<.0001
High BDI sum score0.310.0565.48<.00010.720.05114.11<.0001
No metabolic syndromereferencereference
Metabolic syndrome0.150.0304.94<.00010.0200.0240.85.40
No major depressive disorderreferencereference
Major depressive disorder0.240.0653.70.000220.490.04710.43<.0001
No diagnosisreferencereference
Alcohol use disorder−0.000850.075−0.011.990.370.0556.64<.0001
Depressive disorder0.210.0712.90.00370.470.0548.73<.0001
Anxiety disorder0.0580.0850.68.500.310.0724.26<.0001
Comorbid condition0.<.0001

GHQ-12 = 12-item General Health Questionnaire; BDI = Beck Depression Inventory.

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