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Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Volume 2011, Article ID 230894, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/230894
Research Article

Knowledge and Practices of In-Home Pesticide Use: A Community Survey in Uganda

School of Public Health, College of Health Sciences, Makerere University, P.O. Box 7072, Kampala, Uganda

Received 16 July 2010; Revised 15 November 2010; Accepted 27 March 2011

Academic Editor: A. Zwi

Copyright © 2011 Eva Nalwanga and John C. Ssempebwa. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Many communities in low-income countries use in-home pesticides for the control of pests. Such use is often inadequately controlled. In this study, 100 households in Kireka ward, Wakiso district in Uganda were involved in a cross-sectional survey to assess pests, knowledge, and use patterns of pesticides. A structured pretested questionnaire was administered via personal interviews, and observational checklists were used. Mosquitoes were the most prevalent pests (83%), followed by cockroaches (69%) and rats (52%). Pesticides were the most preferred method for pest control (98%), with insecticide spray being the most common form of application (71.4%). Pesticide application was inappropriately done in many households mainly due to inadequate knowledge on use. Only 48% of the respondents read manufacturer's instructions for use. Information on what pesticide to use was obtained from friends (53.1%), points of sales (48%). Educational interventions particularly at points of sale would be a critical avenue for promoting safe use of pesticides in households.