Journal of Environmental and Public Health / 2012 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Television Watching, Diet Quality, and Physical Activity and Diabetes among Three Ethnicities in the United States

Table 1

General characteristics of the study population.

VariableEthnicityWithout T2DWith T2DP-value

Age (years)AA51.1  ±  8.754.5  ±  10.20.007
Mean  ±  SDHA53.5  ±  10.757.8  ±  10.10.001
CA63.0  ±  10.965.2  ±  11.80.069

Gender N (%)AA-F54 (51.9)64 (53.3)0.893
AA-M50 (48.0)56 (46.7)
HA-F57 (50.0)72 (54.5)0.523
HA-M57 (50.0)60 (45.4)
CA-F113 (66.5)116 (62.0)0.439
CA-M57 (33.5)71 (38.0)

AA48 (40.0)47 (36.4)0.327
Currently smoking (yes) (N%)HA7 (5.8)9 (6.5)0.514
CA28 (16.2)30 (16.0)0.533

AA14 (13.5)22 (18.2)0.526
Education < HS degree/GEDHA43 (37.7)71 (53.8)0.020
CA79 (46.2)99 (52.7)0.320

AA29 (27.9)61 (51.3)<0.001
BMI 4th Quartile N (%) (> 34 kg/m2)HA17 (15.0)18 (13.6)0.520
CA27 (15.9)55 (29.4)0.017

AA34 (32.7)66 (55.0)0.001
TV hours 4th quartile (> 4.0 hours) N (%)HA8 (7.0)19 (14.4)0.065
CA28 (16.5)36 (19.3)0.494

AA20 (19.2)14 (11.7)0.129
HEI 4th quartile (healthiest diet score) (> 59.3) N (%)HA38 (33.3)37 (28.0)0.782
CA34 (20.0)63 (33.9)0.004

AA35 (33.7)29 (24.2)0.404
PA (MET hr/wk) 4th quartile (highest activity) N (%)HA40 (35.1)23 (17.4)0.009
CA44 (25.9)31 (16.6)0.191

Abbreviations. AA: African American; HA: Haitian American; CA: Cuban American; T2D: type 2 diabetes; F: female; M: male; BMI: body mass index; HS: high school; GED: general equivalency diploma; TV: television; HEI: Healthy Eating Index; PA: physical activity; MET: metabolic equivalents.
Notes. Age was compared using the Student t-test and reported in mean  ±  SD. The Chi-squared test was used to for categorical data and reported as N (%) where % are within diabetes status. A P value of 0.05 was considered significant. Physical activity (PA) was measured in metabolic equivalents (MET) per week. MET = 1 kcal·kg−1·h−1. One MET is the equivalent of sitting quietly.

Article of the Year Award: Outstanding research contributions of 2020, as selected by our Chief Editors. Read the winning articles.