Journal of Environmental and Public Health / 2012 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Television Watching, Diet Quality, and Physical Activity and Diabetes among Three Ethnicities in the United States

Table 2

Likelihood of TV viewing more than 4 hour/day comparing ethnicities and diabetes status.

IndependentsBSEdfPOR95% C.I. OR
LowerUpper

Model 1

Ethnicity2<0.001
AA1.670.241<0.0015.293.308.49
HA−0.370.2610.1600.69−0.411.16
CA (reference group)
With diabetes0.480.1910.0101.621.122.34

Model 2

Ethnicity2<0.001
AA1.630.241<0.0015.133.188.25
HA−0.400.2610.1320.670.401.13
CA (reference group)
With diabetes0.310.2410.1991.360.852.17

Abbreviations. AA: African Americans; B: coefficient; SE: standard error; df: degrees of freedom; Q: quartile; CA: Cuban American; HA: Haitian American.
Notes.  Television watching was reported to the nearest 0.25 hours. The dependent variable is ≥ 4.25 hours of TV versus ≤ 4.00 hours of TV. The 4th quartile of BMI is the reference.
Model 1 was adjusted for age ( 𝑃 = 0 . 0 3 6 ), gender ( 𝑃 = 0 . 2 8 ), BMI quartiles ( 𝑃 = 0 . 3 3 1 ), currently smoking ( 𝑃 = 0 . 1 1 1 ), and education ( 𝑃 = 0 . 0 1 9 ). Participants who were older and had less education were more likely to watch more than 4 hours of TV per day as compared to their counterparts.
Model 1 parameters. χ 2 (11) = 112.8 ( 𝑁 = 8 2 5 ), 𝑃 < 0 . 0 0 1 . Nagelkerke R-squared = 0.193 with 78.1% of the cases classified correctly.
Model 2 included age ( 𝑃 = 0 . 0 5 1 ), gender ( 𝑃 = 0 . 2 2 8 ), BMI quartiles ( 𝑃 = 0 . 4 1 9 ), currently smoking ( 𝑃 = 0 . 0 8 2 ), education ( 𝑃 = 0 . 0 2 3 ), and an adjustment for high glycosylated hemoglobin: high A1C ≥ 6% ( 𝑃 = 0 . 3 2 1 ), diabetes status by high A1C ( 𝑃 = 0 . 1 3 4 ).
Model 2 parameters. χ 2 (13)  = 112.8 ( 𝑁 = 8 1 9 ), P < 0.001. Nagelkerke R-squared = 0.197 with 78.6% of the cases classified correctly.

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