Journal of Environmental and Public Health / 2012 / Article / Tab 5

Research Article

Television Watching, Diet Quality, and Physical Activity and Diabetes among Three Ethnicities in the United States

Table 5

Healthy Eating Index (HEI) food group scores by ethnicity.

Food groupEthnicityMean (SD)CA-HACA-AAAA-HA

Total fruitCA2.68 (1.70)
HA4.34 (1.25)−1.57*−1.23*−0.34*
AA3.91 (1.46)

Whole fruitCA2.71 (1.94)
HA4.20 (1.35)−1.49*−0.93*−0.56*
AA3.64 (1.63)

Total vegetableCA1.59 (1.40)
HA4.56 (0.89)−2.97*−2.21*−0.76*
AA3.64 (1.81)

Green vegetablesCA3.44 (1.54)
HA3.54(1.60)−0.941.25*−1.34*
AA2.20 (1.50)

Total grainsCA2.58 (1.04)
HA3.94 (1.18)−1.35*−0.91*−0.44*
AA3.49 (1.07)

Whole grainsCA1.23 (1.50)
HA2.46 (1.59)−1.23*−0.44*−0.79*
AA1.66 (1.21)

MilkCA5.51 (2.69)
HA4.14 (3.03)1.36*1.13*0.45
AA4.19 (2.72)

Meat/beansCA5.17 (1.67)
HA5.64 (1.39)−0.47*−0.59*0.12
AA5.76 (1.29)

OilsCA4.80 (1.48)
HA5.64 (1.39)−1.46−1.90*0.44
AA5.76 (1.29)

Saturated fatCA5.54 (2.80)
HA8.26 (2.06)−2.72*−0.83*−1.89*
AA6.37 (2.51)

SodiumCA7.85 (1.57)
HA5.74 (3.11)2.11*3.85*−1.73*
AA4.00 (3.06)

SoFAASCA10.3 (4.69)
HA13.4 (6.78)−3.06*−0.20−2.86*
AA10.6 (6.85)

𝐴 𝑏 𝑏 𝑟 𝑒 𝑣 𝑖 𝑎 𝑡 𝑖 𝑜 𝑛 𝑠 . CA: Cuban American; HA: Haitian American; CA: Cuban American; SoFAAS: energy from solid fats, alcohol, and added sugars.
Note. An asterisk* denotes a significant difference at 𝑃 < 0 . 0 5 .

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