Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Volume 2012, Article ID 352309, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/352309
Research Article

Evaluation of Trace Metal Levels in Tissues of Two Commercial Fish Species in Kapar and Mersing Coastal Waters, Peninsular Malaysia

School of Environmental and Natural Resource Sciences, Faculty of Sciences and Technology, National University of Malaysia, Selangor, 43600 Bangi, Malaysia

Received 16 June 2011; Revised 20 July 2011; Accepted 15 August 2011

Academic Editor: Mohammad Mehdi Amin

Copyright © 2012 Fathi Alhashmi Bashir et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. R. R. Paquin, K. Farley, R. C. Santore et al., Metals in Aquatic Systems: A Review of Exposure, Bioaccumulation, and Toxicity Models, Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, Pensacola, Fla, USA, 2003.
  2. G. W. Goldstein, “Lead poisoning and brain cell function,” Environmental Health Perspectives, vol. 89, pp. 91–94, 1990. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. A. Malik, “Metal bioremediation through growing cells,” Environment International, vol. 30, no. 2, pp. 261–278, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. C. Y. Kamaruzzaman, Z. Rina, B. A. A. John, and K. C. A. Jalal, “Heavy metal accumulation in commercially important fishes of South West Malaysian coast,” Reaesrch Journal of Environmental Sciences, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 595–602, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  5. V. Wim, S. Issabelle, D. Karen, H. Stefan, and C. John, “Consumer perception versus scientific evidence of farmed and wild fish: exploratory insights from Belgium,” Aquaculture International, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 121–136, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. M. I. Castro-Gonzalez and M. Mendez-Armenta, “Heavy metals: implications associated to fish consumption,” Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology, vol. 26, no. 3, pp. 263–271, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. P. Hajeb, S. Jinap, A. Ismail, A. B. Fatimah, B. Jamilah, and M. Abdul Rahim, “Assessment of mercury level in commonly consumed marine fishes in Malaysia,” Food Control, vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 79–84, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. Food and Agriculture Organization, “Nutritional elements of fish,” 2010, http://www.fao.org/fishery/topic/12319/en on 26/8/2010.
  9. L. Tukiman, I. Norazura, M. Ahmad, and A. R. Sahibin, “Kandungan logam berat dalam makanan laut dan kadar pengambilannya oleh penduduk di Tanjung Karang, Selangor,” The Malaysian Journal of Analytical Sciences, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 197–204, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  10. A. Zuraini, M. N. Somchit, M. H. Solihah et al., “Fatty acid and amino acid composition of three local Malaysian Channa spp. fish,” Food Chemistry, vol. 97, no. 4, pp. 674–678, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. J. Burger, M. Gochfeld, C. Jeitner, S. Burke, and T. Stamm, “Metal levels in flathead sole (Hippoglossoides elassodon) and great sculpin (Myoxocephalus polyacanthocephalus) from Adak Island, Alaska: potential risk to predators and fishermen,” Environmental Research, vol. 103, no. 1, pp. 62–69, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. C. M. Liao and M. P. Ling, “Assessment of human health risks for arsenic bioaccumulation in tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus) and large-scale mullet (Liza macrolepis) from blackfoot disease area in Taiwan,” Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, vol. 45, no. 2, pp. 264–272, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. S. Díez, S. Delgado, I. Aguilera et al., “Prenatal and early childhood exposure to mercury and methylmercury in spain, a high-fish-consumer country,” Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, vol. 56, no. 3, pp. 615–622, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  14. A. Farkas and S. J. Specziar, “Age and size specific patterns of heavy metals in the organs of fresh water fish Abramis brama L. populating a low-contaminated site,” Water Research, vol. 37, pp. 959–964, 2003. View at Google Scholar
  15. S. A. Mansour and M. M. Sidky, “Ecotoxicological studies. 3. Heavy metals contaminating water and fish from Fayoum Governorate, Egypt,” Food Chemistry, vol. 78, no. 1, pp. 15–22, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. U. Çelik and J. Oehlenschläger, “High contents of cadmium, lead, zinc and copper in popular fishery products sold in Turkish supermarkets,” Food Control, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 258–261, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. C. Reilly, Metal Contamination of Food, Blackwell Science, Axford, UK, 3rd edition, 2002.
  18. H. Barton, “Predicted intake of trace elements and minerals via household drinking water by 6-year-old children from Kraków, Poland,” Part 3: Aluminium. Food Additives and Contaminants, vol. 25, no. 5, pp. 588–603, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. O. D. Uluozlu, M. Tuzen, D. Mendil, and M. Soylak, “Assessment of trace element contents of chicken products from turkey,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, vol. 163, no. 2-3, pp. 982–987, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. J. Liu, R. A. Goyer, and M. P. Waalker, “Toxic effects of metals,” in Casarrett and Doull’s Toxicology the Basic Science of Poisons, C. D. Klaassen, Ed., pp. 931–979, McGraw-Hill, New York, NY, USA, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  21. M. Canli and G. Atli, “The relationships between heavy metal (Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, Pb, Zn) levels and the size of six Mediterranean fish species,” Environmental Pollution, vol. 121, no. 1, pp. 129–136, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. F. Camara, M. A. Amaro, R. Barbera, and G. Clemente, “Bioaccessibility of minerals in school meals: comparision between dialysis and solubility methods,” Food Chemistry, vol. 92, pp. 481–489, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  23. M. Tüzen, “Determination of heavy metals in fish samples of the middle Black Sea (Turkey) by graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry,” Food Chemistry, vol. 80, no. 1, pp. 119–123, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. T. Agusa, T. Kunito, A. Sudaryanto et al., “Exposure assessment for trace elements from consumption of marine fish in Southeast Asia,” Environmental Pollution, vol. 145, no. 3, pp. 766–777, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. S. J. Hamilton and P. M. Mehrle, “Methallothionein in fish: review of its importance in assessing stress from metal contaminants,” Transactions of the American Fisheries Society, vol. 115, no. 4, pp. 596–609, 1986. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. M. Roméo, Y. Siau, Z. Sidoumou, and M. Gnassia-Barelli, “Heavy metal distribution in different fish species from the Mauritania coast,” Science of the Total Environment, vol. 232, no. 3, pp. 169–175, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. A. B. Yilmaz, “Levels of heavy metals (Fe, Cu, Ni, Cr, Pb, and Zn) in tissue of Mugil cephalus and Trachurus mediterraneus from Iskenderun Bay, Turkey,” Environmental Research, vol. 92, no. 3, pp. 277–281, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. J. E. Marcovecchio and V. J. Moreno, “Cadmium, zinc and total mercury levels in the tissues of several fish species from La Planta river estuary, Argentina,” Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 119–130, 1993. View at Google Scholar
  29. G. W. Bryan and W. J. Langston, “Bioavailability, accumulation and effects of heavy metals in sediments with special reference to United Kingdom estuaries,” Environmental Pollution, vol. 76, no. 2, pp. 89–131, 1992. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. M. Canli and R. W. Furness, “Toxicity of heavy metals dissolved in sea water and influences of sex and size on metal accumulation and tissue distribution in the Norway lobster Nephrops norvegicus,” Marine Environmental Research, vol. 36, no. 4, pp. 217–236, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  31. M. Kalay, O. Aly, and M. Canli, “Heavy metal concentrations in fish tissues from the Northeast Mediterranean Sea,” Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, vol. 63, no. 5, pp. 673–681, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. U. Förstner and G. T. W. Wittmann, Metal Pollution in the Aquatic Environment, Springer, Berlin, Germany, 1981.
  33. A. T. Khan and J. S. Weis, “Bioaccumulation of heavy metals in two populations of mummichog (Fundulus heteroclitus),” Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, vol. 51, no. 1, pp. 1–5, 1993. View at Google Scholar
  34. E. I. Adeyeye, N. J. Akinyugha, M. E. Fesobi, and V. O. Tenabe, “Determination of some metals in Clarias gariepinus (Cuvier and Vallenciennes), Cyprinus carpio (L.) and Oreochromis niloticus (L.) fishes in a polyculture fresh water pond and their environments,” Aquaculture, vol. 147, no. 3-4, pp. 205–214, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. J. Burger, M. Gochfeld, C. Jeitner, S. Burke, and T. Stamm, “Metal levels in flathead sole (Hippoglossoides elassodon) and great sculpin (Myoxocephalus polyacanthocephalus) from Adak Island, Alaska: potential risk to predators and fishermen,” Environmental Research, vol. 103, no. 1, pp. 62–69, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. A. R. Abdullah, N. M. Tahir, T. S. Loong, T. M. Hoque, and A. H. Sulaiman, “The GEF/UNDP/IMO Malacca Straits demonstration project: sources of pollution,” Marine Pollution Bulletin, vol. 39, no. 1-12, pp. 229–233, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. C. T. Eng, J. N. Paw, and F. Y. Guarin, “The environmental impact of aquaculture and the effects of pollution on coastal aquaculture development in Southeast Asia,” Marine Pollution Bulletin, vol. 20, no. 7, pp. 335–343, 1989. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. K. Swami, C. D. Judd, J. Orsini, K. X. Yang, and L. Husain, “Microwave assisted digestion of atmospheric aerosol samples followed by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry determination of trace elements,” Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, vol. 369, no. 1, pp. 63–70, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. R. Bou, F. Guardiola, A. Padró, E. Pelfort, and R. Codony, “Validation of mineralisation procedures for the determination of selenium, zinc, iron and copper in chicken meat and feed samples by ICP-AES and ICP-MS,” Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry, vol. 19, no. 10, pp. 1361–1369, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  40. T. Agusa, T. Kunito, G. Yasunaga et al., “Concentrations of trace elements in marine fish and its risk assessment in Malaysia,” Marine Pollution Bulletin, vol. 51, no. 8-12, pp. 896–911, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. O. C. Vaidya and R. T. T. Rantala, “A comparative study of analytical methods: determination of heavy metals in mussels (Mytilus edulis) from eastern Canada,” International Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry, vol. 63, no. 3, pp. 179–185, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. D. Mendil, Ö. F. Ünal, M. Tüzen, and M. Soylak, “Determination of trace metals in different fish species and sediments from the River Yeşili{dotless}rmak in Tokat, Turkey,” Food and Chemical Toxicology, vol. 48, no. 5, pp. 1383–1392, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. DOE, “Environmental Quality Report,” Tech. Rep., Department of Environment, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  44. A. K. Ahmad, I. Mushrifah, and M. Shuhaimi-Othman, “Water quality and heavy metal concentrations in sediment of Sungai Kelantan, Kelantan, Malaysia: A baseline study,” Sains Malaysiana, vol. 38, no. 4, pp. 435–442, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  45. WHO, Guidelines for Drinking Water Quality Volume 2: Health Criteria and Other Supporting Information, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland, 1996.
  46. M. Dural, M. Z. L. Göksu, and A. A. Özak, “Investigation of heavy metal levels in economically important fish species captured from the Tuzla lagoon,” Food Chemistry, vol. 102, no. 1, pp. 415–421, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  47. Y. Tepe, M. Türkmen, and A. Türkmen, “Assessment of heavy metals in two commercial fish species of four Turkish seas,” Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, vol. 146, no. 1–3, pp. 277–284, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  48. M. Türkmen, A. Türkmen, Y. Tepe, A. Ateş, and K. Gökkuş, “Determination of metal contaminations in sea foods from Marmara, Aegean and Mediterranean seas: twelve fish species,” Food Chemistry, vol. 108, no. 2, pp. 794–800, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  49. P. Raja, S. Veerasingam, G. Suresh, G. Marichamy, and R. Venkatachalapath, “Heavy metals concentration in four commercially valuable marine edible fish species from Parangipettai coast, south east coast of India,” International Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 10–14, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  50. J. Irwandi and O. Farida, “Mineral and heavy metal contents of marine fin fish in Langkawi island, Malaysia,” International Food Research Journal, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 105–112, 2009. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  51. C. A. R. Mohamed, A. Samat, M. R. Otman, and W. M. Muda, “Kandungan Cd, Cr, Fe, Mn dan Al di dalam ikan di persekitaran stesen janakuasa electric, TNB, kapar. selangor,” Malaysia Journal of Analytical Sciences, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 87–92, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  52. T. Budiati, “The presence of arsenic as heavy metal contaminant on salmon : a risk assessment,” International Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, vol. 10, no. 5, pp. 6–12, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  53. A. Deshpande, S. Bhendigeri, T. Shirsekar, D. Dhaware, and R. N. Khandekar, “Analysis of heavy metals in marine fish from Mumbai Docks,” Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, vol. 159, no. 1–4, pp. 493–500, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  54. K. Nor Hasyimah, V. J. Noik, Y. Y. Teh, C. Y. Lee, and H. C. Pearline, “Assessment of cadmium (Cd) and lead (Pb) levels in commercial marine fish organs between wet markets and supermarkets in Klang Valley, Malaysia,” International Food Research Journal, vol. 18, pp. 770–777, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  55. C. M. A. Iwegbue, “Heavy metal composition of livers and kidneys of cattle from southern Nigeria,” Veterinarski Arhiv, vol. 78, no. 5, pp. 401–410, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  56. H. Reynders, K. van Campenhout, L. Bervoets, W. M. De Coen, and R. Blust, “Dynamics of cadmium accumulation and effects in common carp (Cyprinus carpio) during simultaneous exposure to water and food (Tubifex tubifex),” Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, vol. 25, no. 6, pp. 1558–1567, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  57. A. R. Linde, S. Sánchez-Galán, J. I. Izquierdo, P. Arribas, E. Marañón, and E. García-Vázquez, “Brown trout as biomonitor of heavy metal pollution: effect of age on the reliability of the assessment,” Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, vol. 40, no. 1-2, pp. 120–125, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  58. P. Kotze, H. H. Du Preez, and J. H. J. Van Vuren, “Bioaccumulation of copper and zinc in Oreochromis mossambicus and Clarias gariepinus, from the Olifants River, Mpumalanga, South Africa,” Water SA, vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 99–110, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  59. Jezierska and M. Witeska, “Metal toxicity to fish. University of Podlasie,” Monografic, no. 42, 2001. View at Google Scholar
  60. B. Y. Kamaruzzaman, M. C. Ong, S. Z. Rina, and B. Joseph, “Levels of some heavy metals in fishes from Pahang river estuary, Pahang, Malaysia,” Journal of Biological Sciences, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 157–161, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  61. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), “Compilation of legal limits for hazardous substances in fish and fishery products,” FAO Fishery Circular, no. 464, pp. 5–10, 1983. View at Google Scholar
  62. World Health Organization, “Heavy metals-environmental aspects,” Environment Health Criteria , no. 85, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland, 1989. View at Google Scholar
  63. H. I. Nasser and Y. T. Huat, “Malaysian Food and Regulations,” in Malaysian Law on Food and Drugs, Malaysia Law, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 1985. View at Google Scholar