Journal of Environmental and Public Health / 2012 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

The Influence of the Local Neighbourhood Environment on Walking Levels during the Walking for Wellbeing in the West Pedometer-Based Community Intervention

Table 1

Environment variables included in the analysis ( ๐‘› = 6 9 ), arranged according to theme and element after Pikora et al. [25]. GIS data variables (i.e. those not derived from the street audit data) are shown in italic ( ๐‘› = 1 3 ), and variables that were included in the factor analysis are shown in bold ( ๐‘› = 5 8 ). Variables which are weighted scores are indicated with an asterisk. Unless otherwise stated (e.g. %, number, mean), the values used in the analysis were the proportion of segments in the 400โ€‰m radius neighbourhood zone where the environmental feature in question was present.


ElementsWalking surfaceStreetsTrafficPermeabilityPersonalTrafficStreetscapeViewsFacilities

ItemsPath continuityCar lanes (mean no. of)Traffic signalsPaths area (%)Hedge heightAccidents injury (no. of)Garden maintenance *Hill viewsLand use mix index bParkBus stops (no. of)
Path obstructionsDriveway crossoversPaths and roadside area (%)Street lightsAccidents injury to pedestrians (no. of)Hedge % coverage *Nature viewsLand uses (no. of)PlaygroundBus stop
Bridge overpassRoad narrowingJunctions:three legged (no. of)Path well litAccidents noninjury (no. of)Verge maintenance *Wild nature viewsGreen space area (%)Sports/playing field or tennis courtCoach stop
UnderpassSpeed humpsSteet closing but walking access throughRoad names visibleCrossing with lightsDerelict landWater viewsCommercial area (%)Sports trackTrain station
Path: noneCycle laneCul de sac or permanent street closing aPedestrian signageZebra crossingDog fouling *Urban viewsDomestic area (%)PoolTransport stops (mean no. of)
Path material type *Bike lockerMedian refugeCommercial viewsDwellings per hectareGolf course
Path material naturalBike rackPath distance from kerb *Government buildings (mean no. of)Fitness facility: indoor
Raised kerbParking provision *Recreation facility: other c
Kerb extensionParking on street amount *Recreation facility (mean no. of)
Tactile paving

aAt either end of the segment.
bAfter Frank et al. [21].
cRecreation facility other than an indoor fitness facility, park, playground, pool, golf course, sports/playing field, sports track or tennis court.
*Variable is a weighted score.

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