Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 680631, 10 pages
Research Article

Prevalence of High Blood Pressure, Heart Disease, Thalassemia, Sickle-Cell Anemia, and Iron-Deficiency Anemia among the UAE Adolescent Population

University of Toronto Scarborough, 1265 Military Trail, Toronto, ON, Canada M1C 1A4

Received 31 July 2012; Revised 12 January 2013; Accepted 25 February 2013

Academic Editor: Pauline E. Jolly

Copyright © 2013 Caroline Barakat-Haddad. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. PHAC, Reports on Plans and Priorities 2009-2010, Public Health Agency of Canada, Ottawa, Canada, 2009.
  2. V. Tangcharoensathien, P. Harnvoravongchai, S. Pitayarangsarit, and V. Kasemsup, “Health impacts of rapid economic changes in Thailand,” Social Science and Medicine, vol. 51, no. 6, pp. 789–807, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. D. Thomas and E. Frankenberg, “Health, nutrition and prosperity: a microeconomic perspective,” Bulletin of the World Health Organization, vol. 80, no. 2, pp. 106–113, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. World Development Indicators Database, 2011, The World Bank,
  5. United Arab Emirates National Bureau of Statistics, 2010,
  6. UAE Ministry of Environment, Tedad Census 2005. Preliminary Results of Population, Housing and Establishment Census 2005, United Arab Emirates, Ministry of Economy, Abu Dhabi, UAE, 2006.
  7. P. Kandela, “Health and wealth in the United Arab Emirates,” The Lancet, vol. 353, no. 9169, p. 2047, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. A. Musaiger, “Social factors associated with obesity,” in Proceedings of the Symposium on Obesity, Current Situation and Prospective, pp. 48–52, Dubai, UAE, 1998.
  9. C. J. K. Henry, H. J. Lightowler, and H. M. Al-Hourani, “Physical activity and levels of inactivity in adolescent females ages 11–16 years in the United Arab Emirates,” American Journal of Human Biology, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 346–353, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. G. Berger and A. Peerson, “Giving young Emirati women a voice: participatory action research on physical activity,” Health and Place, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 117–124, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. A. Bener, Y. M. Abdulrazzaq, P. Debuse, and A. H. Abdin, “Asthma and wheezing as the cause of school absence,” Journal of Asthma, vol. 31, no. 2, pp. 93–98, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. J. Punnose, M. M. Agarwal, A. Khadir, K. Devadas, and I. T. Mugamer, “Childhood and adolescent diabetes mellitus in Arabs residing in the United Arab Emirates,” Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, vol. 55, no. 1, pp. 29–33, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. C. J. Miller, E. V. Dunn, S. F. Abdouni, H. M. Shaheen, and M. S. Ullah, “Factors associated with iron depletion and iron deficiency anemia among Arabic preschool children of the United Arab Emirates,” Saudi Medical Journal, vol. 25, no. 7, pp. 843–847, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. A. H. Al Marzooqi, M. Badi, and A. El-Jack, “Road traffic accidents in Dubai, 2002–2008,” Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health, vol. 22, supplement 3, pp. 31S–39S, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. Department of Health and Medical Services and Government of Dubai, “Mortality Statistics in Dubai,” Statistical News, no. 4, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  16. Health Authority Abu Dhabi, Health Statistics 2010,
  17. M. Saberi, Hypertension Risk Higher in the UAE, Gulf News, 2011.
  18. M. Ismail, Heart Disease Occurs 15 Years Earlier in UAE than West, The National, 2011.
  19. S. Sajila, Thalassemia a Major Public Health Issue in UAE, Says Expert, Khaleej Times, Dubai, UAE, 2009.
  20. J. M. White, M. Byrne, and R. Richards, “Red cell genetic abnormalities in Peninsular Arabs: sickle haemoglobin, G6PD deficiency, and α and β thalassaemia,” Journal of Medical Genetics, vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 245–251, 1986. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. S. El-Kalla and E. Baysal, “α-thalassemia in the United Arab Emirates,” Acta Haematologica, vol. 100, no. 1, pp. 49–53, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. N. Halfon and M. Hochstein, “Life course health development: an integrated framework for developing health, policy, and research,” Milbank Quarterly, vol. 80, no. 3, pp. 433–479, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. R. Bundhun, “UAE monthly household income revealed,” 2009, Culture & Society News,
  24. Y. El-Shahat, S. Bakir, N. Farjou et al., “Hypertension in UAE citizens—preliminary results of a prospective study,” Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation, vol. 10, pp. 376–381, 1999. View at Google Scholar
  25. WHO, 2004, Global Health Risks. Mortality and burden of disease attributable to selected major risks,
  26. Dubai Health Authority, Thalassemia Centre-Dubai Website,
  27. P. Rasheed, Carriers of Thalassemia Disease Can Go up to 1 m in UAE, The Gulf Today, Sharjah, UAE, 2011.
  28. World Health Organization and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Worldwide Prevalence of Anaemia 1993–2005, de Benoist B., McLean E., Egli I., Cogswell M., Eds., World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland, 2008.
  29. A. Mandil, A. Hussein, H. Omer, G. Turki, and I. Gaber, “Characteristics and risk factors of tabacco consumption among University of Sharjah students,” Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, vol. 13, no. 6, pp. 1449–1458, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  30. C. Barakat-Haddad and R. Dghaim, “The quest for higher socioeconomic status and adolescent health risk: case study from a migrant population in the United Arab Emirates,” in Socioeconomic Status and Health Implications, S. Reibert and A. Jannings, Eds., Nova Science, New York, NY, USA, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  31. S. Kennedy, J. McDonald, and N. Biddle, “The healthy immigrant effect and immigrant selection: evidence from four countries,” Social and Economic Dimensions of an Aging Population Research Papers, p. 54, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  32. O. Shafey, “Health issues in the Arab American community. Global epidemiology and health hazards of tobacco use: Arab world patterns,” Ethnicity & Disease, vol. 17, supplement 2, pp. S3-13–S3-15, 2007. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus