Journal of Environmental and Public Health / 2014 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Lifestyle Behaviors and Self-Rated Health: The Living for Health Program

Table 1

Characteristics of the study participants, total and by gender.

Variables Total sample
( = 1,701)
Male
( = 508)
Female
( = 1,193)
value

Age (years)
 18–30286 (16.8)98 (19.3)188 (15.8)0.075
 31–55893 (52.5)247 (48.6)646 (54.1)
 >55522 (30.7)163 (32.1)359 (30.1)
Body mass index (BMI) 0.001
 <29.9 kg/m21,142 (67.1)371 (73.0)771 (64.6)
 ≥30 kg/m2559 (32.9)137 (27.0)422 (35.4)
Smoke<0.001
 No1,559 (91.7)445 (87.6)1,114 (93.4)
 Yes142 (8.3)63 (12.4)79 (6.6)
Ethnicity 0.073
 Hispanic942 (55.4)291 (57.3)651 (54.6)
 Non-Hispanic Black531 (31.2)140 (27.6)391 (32.8)
 Other228 (13.4)77 (15.2)151 (12.7)
Health insurance 0.454
 No1,041 (61.2)304 (59.8)737 (61.8)
 Yes660 (38.8)204 (40.2)456 (38.2)
Comorbidities 0.464
 No938 (55.1)287 (56.5)651 (54.6)
 Yes763 (44.9)221 (43.5)542 (45.4)
Self-rated health
 Poor/fair355 (20.9)76 (15.0)279 (23.4)<0.001
 Excellent/very good/good1,346 (79.1)432 (85.0)914 (76.6)
F & V (servings/day)
 ≤2 per day1,057 (62.1)332 (65.4)725 (60.8)0.187
 3-4 per day453 (26.6)126 (24.8)327 (27.4)
 ≥5 per day191 (11.2)50 (9.8)141 (11.8)
Fat intake 0.377
 Primary high fat foods/mostly high fat, some low fat209 (12.3)69 (13.6)140 (11.7)
 Both high fat and low fat about the same 538 (31.6)166 (32.7)372 (31.2)
 Mostly low fat, some high fat/primary low fat foods 954 (56.1)273 (53.7)681 (57.1)
Physical activity 0.001
 1–3 times per month or never533 (31.3)129 (25.4)404 (33.9)
 1–4 days per week599 (35.2)186 (36.6)413 (34.6)
 ≥5 days per week569 (33.5)193 (38.0)376 (31.5)

F & V = fruits and vegetables. Statistical differences by gender: Chi-square test. Data are presented as (%). value is considered significant at <0.05.

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