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Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 951971, 7 pages
Research Article

Residential Relocation by Older Adults in Response to Incident Cardiovascular Health Events: A Case-Crossover Analysis

1Department of Epidemiology, Columbia University, 722 West 168th Street, New York, NY 10032, USA
2Department of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston Salem, NC, USA
3Department of Medical Psychology and Neuropsychology, Tilburg University, Warandelaan 2, Tilburg, NL, USA
4Department of Medicine, University of Alabama, 1720 2nd Avenue South, Birmingham, AL, USA
5Section of Geriatrics, Birmingham VA Medical Center, 700 19th Street South, Birmingham, AL 35233, USA
6Department of Medicine, University of California, 911 Broxton Avenue, Los Angeles, CA, USA
7Departments of Medicine and Epidemiology, University of Washington, 325 Ninth Avenue, Seattle, WA, USA

Received 1 July 2013; Revised 23 January 2014; Accepted 11 February 2014; Published 23 March 2014

Academic Editor: David Strogatz

Copyright © 2014 Gina S. Lovasi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Objective. We use a case-crossover analysis to explore the association between incident cardiovascular events and residential relocation to a new home address. Methods. We conducted an ambidirectional case-crossover analysis to explore the association between incident cardiovascular events and residential relocation to a new address using data from the Cardiovascular Health Study (CHS), a community-based prospective cohort study of 5,888 older adults from four U.S. sites beginning in 1989. Relocation was assessed twice a year during follow-up. Event occurrences were classified as present or absent for the period preceding the first reported move, as compared with an equal length of time immediately prior to and following this period. Results. Older adults (65+) that experience incident cardiovascular disease had an increased probability of reporting a change of residence during the following year (OR 1.6, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.2–2.1). Clinical conditions associated with relocation included stroke (OR: 2.0, 95% CI: 1.2–3.3), angina (OR: 1.6, 95% CI: 1.0–2.6), and congestive heart failure (OR: 1.5, 95% CI: 1.0–2.1). Conclusions. Major incident cardiovascular disease may increase the probability of residential relocation in older adults. Case-crossover analyses represent an opportunity to investigate triggering events, but finer temporal resolution would be crucial for future research on residential relocations.