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Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 524341, 15 pages
Research Article

The Social Determinants of Health in Military Forces of Iran: A Qualitative Study

1Health Management Research Centre, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2School of Management and Medical Information Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

Received 8 April 2015; Accepted 4 August 2015

Academic Editor: Linda M. Gerber

Copyright © 2015 Mohammadkarim Bahadori et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Providing effective health interventions and achieving equity in health need to apply the community-based approaches such as social determinants of health. In the military organizations, these determinants have received less attention from the military health researchers and policymakers. Therefore, this study aimed to identify and explain the social determinants affecting the health of military forces in Iran. This was a qualitative study which was conducted in 2014. The required data were collected through semistructured interviews and analyzed through Conventional Content Analysis. The studied sample consisted of 22 military health experts, policymakers, and senior managers selected using purposeful sampling method with maximum variation sampling. MAXQDA.2007 was used to analyze the collected data. After analyzing the collected data, two main contents, that is, “general social determinants of health” and “military social determinants of health,” with 22 themes and 90 subthemes were identified as the social determinants of military forces’ health. Main themes were religious rule, spirituality promotion policies, international military factors, military command, and so forth. Given the role and importance of social factors determining the military forces’ health, it can be recommended that the military organizations should pay more attention to these determinants in making policies and creating social, economic, and cultural structures for their forces.