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Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Volume 2016, Article ID 7869080, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/7869080
Research Article

Pyrolytic Waste Plastic Oil and Its Diesel Blend: Fuel Characterization

Department of Chemical Engineering, Jessore Science and Technology University, Jessore 7408, Bangladesh

Received 24 March 2016; Accepted 5 June 2016

Academic Editor: Mynepalli K. C. Sridhar

Copyright © 2016 M. Z. H. Khan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The authors introduced waste plastic pyrolysis oil (WPPO) as an alternative fuel characterized in detail and compared with conventional diesel. High density polyethylene, HDPE, was pyrolyzed in a self-designed stainless steel laboratory reactor to produce useful fuel products. HDPE waste was completely pyrolyzed at 330–490°C for 2-3 hours to obtain solid residue, liquid fuel oil, and flammable gaseous hydrocarbon products. Comparison of the fuel properties to the petrodiesel fuel standards ASTM D 975 and EN 590 revealed that the synthetic product was within all specifications. Notably, the fuel properties included a kinematic viscosity (40°C) of 1.98 cSt, density of 0.75 gm/cc, sulphur content of 0.25 (wt%), and carbon residue of 0.5 (wt%), and high calorific value represented significant enhancements over those of conventional petroleum diesel fuel.