Journal of Environmental and Public Health / 2017 / Article / Tab 3

Research Article

Socioeconomic and Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Cancer Mortality, Incidence, and Survival in the United States, 1950–2014: Over Six Decades of Changing Patterns and Widening Inequalities

Table 3

Age-adjusted incidence rates per 100,000 population for all cancers combined and site-specific cancers by neighborhood (census tract) socioeconomic status (SES) index and race/ethnicity, 1988–1992, 11 SEER registries.

SES indexMaleMaleMaleMaleMaleMaleFemaleFemaleFemaleFemaleFemaleFemale
All racesAll racesWhiteWhiteBlackBlackAll racesAll racesWhiteWhiteBlackBlack
RateSERateSERateSERateSERateSERateSE

All cancers combined
1st quintile585.072.54555.653.18732.345.40377.441.72384.312.26401.443.20
2nd quintile576.152.20586.132.42681.489.40393.981.58403.351.77392.035.48
3rd quintile595.772.19607.172.36714.3113.13409.051.53417.931.67404.777.44
4th quintile594.282.21602.342.32659.7316.70417.061.54424.351.63418.029.95
5th quintile588.382.22595.952.33650.7020.04431.281.58438.211.67414.6212.58
RR (Q1/Q5)0.990.931.130.880.880.97
>0.050.05<0.01<0.01<0.01<0.05

Lung cancer
1st quintile115.311.11105.401.38156.512.4347.860.6147.730.8055.351.18
2nd quintile101.200.92101.051.00137.384.1345.190.5346.580.6048.981.92
3rd quintile98.810.88101.150.95118.065.0748.690.5350.750.5847.392.56
4th quintile92.250.8693.650.91105.236.2149.120.5350.610.5649.053.42
5th quintile71.800.7772.530.8185.076.8945.350.5146.930.5443.854.30
RR (Q1/Q5)1.611.451.841.061.021.26
<0.01<0.01<0.01>0.05>0.05<0.01

Colorectal cancer
1st quintile66.030.8763.731.1077.241.7947.460.6044.600.7556.351.20
2nd quintile72.640.7974.280.8772.753.1050.680.5550.690.6059.112.20
3rd quintile73.000.7872.720.8389.144.7350.150.5350.130.5659.763.00
4th quintile73.410.8073.860.8375.505.9049.760.5349.620.5563.534.07
5th quintile70.840.8071.030.8364.516.3749.350.5449.030.5760.845.05
RR (Q1/Q5)0.930.901.200.960.910.93
>0.05>0.05>0.05>0.05>0.05<0.01

Stomach cancer
1st quintile20.980.4918.230.5824.911.019.730.278.570.3310.370.52
2nd quintile13.950.3512.330.3621.031.706.450.205.460.209.680.90
3rd quintile14.350.3513.010.3521.682.366.280.195.480.1810.741.34
4th quintile13.600.3512.680.3516.252.766.100.185.480.1810.991.71
5th quintile12.940.3411.640.3420.273.655.750.194.980.189.642.11
RR (Q1/Q5)1.621.571.231.691.721.08
<0.05<0.05>0.05<0.05<0.05>0.05

Liver and intrahepatic bile duct cancer
1st quintile10.390.337.780.389.520.593.370.162.660.193.330.29
2nd quintile6.350.234.960.228.981.032.450.122.160.132.980.51
3rd quintile5.730.214.780.217.221.242.300.111.830.112.450.58
4th quintile5.070.204.430.206.211.391.960.101.740.103.941.02
5th quintile5.020.203.980.198.182.372.040.111.750.110.840.63
RR (Q1/Q5)2.071.951.161.651.523.96
<0.01<0.01>0.05<0.01<0.01>0.05

Esophageal cancer
1st quintile11.540.357.510.3722.040.903.470.172.210.176.440.41
2nd quintile7.170.256.720.2613.251.251.820.111.710.113.170.48
3rd quintile6.940.236.680.2511.991.612.040.112.050.113.710.74
4th quintile6.680.236.720.248.931.702.010.112.030.112.500.71
5th quintile5.490.215.390.228.502.202.130.112.210.124.061.41
RR (Q1/Q5)2.101.392.591.631.001.59
<0.01<0.01<0.01>0.05>0.05>0.05

Breast cancer (female)Cervical cancer
1st quintile101.380.90103.291.20110.961.7019.710.4021.470.5518.510.68
2nd quintile119.200.89122.641.00116.612.9212.130.2912.070.3213.340.98
3rd quintile127.430.87130.310.95123.283.9510.500.259.910.2714.621.31
4th quintile134.090.88137.230.94124.955.208.550.228.310.2311.531.47
5th quintile148.530.92152.040.98134.456.697.410.207.000.2114.222.09
RR (Q1/Q5)0.680.680.832.663.071.30
<0.01<0.01<0.01<0.01<0.01>0.05

Prostate cancer
1st quintile154.111.34133.671.61229.513.12
2nd quintile164.111.19164.571.29240.495.86
3rd quintile178.611.22181.461.31261.938.41
4th quintile179.841.24181.051.29254.8510.87
5th quintile195.631.32197.321.37280.1513.76
RR (Q1/Q5)0.790.680.82
<0.01<0.01<0.01

Incidence rates are age-adjusted to the 2000 US standard population. RR = rate ratio (SES quintile 1/SES quintile 5). .
Quintile 1 represents low SES and high deprivation level, whereas quintile 5 denotes high SES and low deprivation level.
The 11 SEER registries include the states of Connecticut, Hawaii, Iowa, New Mexico, and Utah; and the metropolitan areas of Atlanta, Detroit, Los Angeles, San Francisco and Oakland, San Jose and Monterey, and Seattle.

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