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Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 6373595, 17 pages
Research Article

Household Food Insecurity and Its Association with Nutritional Status of Children 6–59 Months of Age in East Badawacho District, South Ethiopia

1Department of Public Health Emergency Management, Hadiya Zone Health Department, Hosanna, Ethiopia
2Department of Plan Monitoring and Evaluation, Hadiya Zone Health Department, Hosanna, Ethiopia
3Department of Epidemiology, College of Public Health and Medical Sciences, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia

Correspondence should be addressed to Bealu Betebo

Received 12 December 2016; Accepted 7 March 2017; Published 16 March 2017

Academic Editor: Evelyn O. Talbott

Copyright © 2017 Bealu Betebo et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Background. Ethiopia has one of the highest child malnutrition rates in the world. Food insecurity is one of the determinant factors of malnutrition in developing countries; however its role remains unclear. Objective. To assess household food insecurity and its association with the nutritional status of children 6–59 months of age in East Badawacho District, South Ethiopia. Methods. A community based cross-sectional study was conducted from February 20 to 30, 2014 on a sample of 508 mother/child pairs of 6–59-month-old children. Sample households with eligible children were selected using systematic random sampling technique. Both bivariate and multivariate analysis were used to identify factors associated with nutritional status of children. value of <0.05 was considered as statistically significant. Result. The prevalence of household food insecurity was 75.8%. The prevalence rates of stunting, underweight, and wasting among children were 45.6%, 26.3%, and 14.6%, respectively. Household food insecurity was significantly associated with underweight (AOR = 3.82; CI = 1.78–8.19) and stunting (AOR = 6.7; CI = 3.71–12.1) but not with wasting. Conclusion and Recommendation. Household food insecurity and the prevalence rates of stunting, underweight, and wasting, among children 6 to 59 months, were high. Intervention programs should focus on improving household food insecurity and nutritional status of children.