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Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Volume 2017, Article ID 7517414, 7 pages
Research Article

Water and Sanitation Hygiene Practices for Under-Five Children among Households of Sugali Tribe of Chittoor District, Andhra Pradesh, India

1Department of Community Medicine, Veer Chandra Singh Garhwali Government Medical Sciences and Research Institute, Uttarakhand, India
2Centre for Community Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India

Correspondence should be addressed to Anand Krishnan; moc.liamg@krd.dnana

Received 26 December 2016; Revised 3 April 2017; Accepted 24 April 2017; Published 31 May 2017

Academic Editor: Terry Tudor

Copyright © 2017 Venkatashiva Reddy B et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Background. Increased mortality is associated with poor household water, sanitation, and hygiene (WaSH) practices. The objective was to study the WaSH practices for under-five children among households of Sugali Tribe, Chittoor district, Andhra Pradesh, India. Methods. A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted in four mandals in 2012. A total of 500 households with under-five children were identified. Data was collected from mothers/caregivers. A summary WaSH score was generated from four specific indices, water, sanitation, hygiene, and hand washing practices, and determinants were identified. Results. Of the total households, 69% reported doing nothing at home to make the water safe for drinking. Over 90% of the households reported storing water in a utensil covered with a lid and retrieving water by dipping glass in the vessels. Open defecation was a commonly reported practice (84.8%). About three-fifths of the study’s households reported using water and soap for cleaning dirty hands and one-third (37.4%) reported using water and soap after defecation. The median WaSH score was 15. In the hierarchical stepwise multiple linear regression, only socioeconomic variables were significantly associated with WaSH score. Conclusion. WaSH related practices were generally poor in people of the Sugali Tribe in Andhra Pradesh, India.