Journal of Environmental and Public Health / 2018 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Prevalence of HCV Infection in Household Contacts of Chronic Liver Diseases Cases in Egypt

Table 1

Characteristics of the studied groups.

VariableCases (number = 70)Household contacts (number = 140)VariableCases (number = 70)Household contacts (number = 140)
Number%Number%Number%Number%

SexFemales2840.08359.29History of blood transfusionNo5984.2912790.71
Males4260.05740.71Yes1115.71139.29
Age (years)Mean ± SD (range)49.51 ± 11.71 (19–78)33.28 ± 16.75 (3–75)Priossr surgical proceduresNo22.861611.43
OccupationHousewife811.433927.86Yes6897.1412488.57
Specialist4462.864532.14Prior hospitalizationNo4057.149870.0
Medical/paramedical68.5753.57Yes3042.864230.0
Student22.864330.71CircumcisionBy medical personnel68.572719.29
Worker1014.2985.71By nonmedical personnel6390.08963.57
Educational levelIlliterate11.4375.0No11.432417.14
Read and write3144.298963.57Condom useNo6897.1413898.57
Basic education811.432014.29Yes22.8621.43
Secondary school57.14117.86Shaving at community barber (males only)No710.005942.14
High education2535.71139.29Yes6390.008157.86
Marital statusSingle45.715035.71Nail trimmingPrivate tool2231.432719.28
Married6592.869064.29Common tools4868.5711380.71
Widow11.4300.0Smoking ShishaNo6085.7113495.71
ResidenceUrban6085.7111884.29Yes1014.2964.29
Rural1014.292215.71Sharing razorsNo2434.296042.86
Relation to casesPartners3726.43Yes4665.718057.14
Parents96.43Exposed to used syringeNo2434.294632.86
Sons7251.43Yes4665.719467.14
Siblings139.29Exposed to used toothbrushNo6085.7112287.14
Others96.43Yes1014.291812.86
Crowding index (persons/room)Mean ± SD (range)1.16 ± 0.66 (0.3–3)Practice of tattooingNo5680.012690.0
HCV-RNANegative1014.2911280.0Yes1420.01410.0
Positive2332.86128.57Exposed to bloodNo5477.1411481.43
UD3752.861611.43Yes1622.862618.57
SymptomsDiarrhea1521.43History of BilharziasisNo5477.1412891.43
Abdominal pain3550.0Yes1622.86128.57
Easy fatigue3042.86No5477.1413294.29
Yellow sclera912.86History of injection treatment for BilharziasisYes1622.8685. 71
Dark urine912.86

UD: undetermined; below detection level in patients who were under treatment for HCV; more than one symptom was allowed; this included IV, IM, and needle stick injury.

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