Journal of Environmental and Public Health / 2018 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Prevalence of HCV Infection in Household Contacts of Chronic Liver Diseases Cases in Egypt

Table 2

Comparison between household contacts to HCV-positive cases and household contacts to HCV-negative cases.

VariableHousehold contacts to HCV-positive/UD cases (number = 124)Household contacts to HCV-negative (number = 16)OR (95% CI)VariableHousehold contacts to HCV-positive/UD cases (number = 124)Household contacts to HCV-negative (number = 16)OR (95% CI)

SexFemales5141.13637.50.86 (0.24–2.81)Condom useNo12298.3916100.0
Age (years)Mean ± SD (range)32.89 ± 16.74 (3–75)36.25 ± 17.07 (12–62)Shaving at community barber (males only)No5141.13850.01.43 (0.43–4.68)
Specialist3830.65743.750.45 (0.07–2.19)CircumcisionBy medical personnel2217.74531.251.00
Medical/paramedical43.2316.250.33 (0.02–21.82)By nonmedical personnel7963.711062.501.79 (0.43–6.49)
Student3830.65531.251.4 (0.34–6.09)No2318.5516.255.23 (0.51–257.73)
Educational levelIlliterate/read and write8366.941381.251.00Nail trimmingPrivate tool9879.031593.753.98 (0.56–173.85)
Basic/secondary education3024.1916.254.70 (0.65–206.20)
High education118.87212.500.86 (0.16–8.88)Common tools2620.9716.25
Marital statusUnmarried4536.29531.250.80 (0.20–2.69)Smoking shishaNo11995.971593.750.63 (0.06–31.77)
ResidenceUrban10383.061593.753.06 (0.42–134.77)Sharing razorsNo5241.94850.01.38 (0.42–4.53)
Relation to casesPartners97.2600.01.00Exposed to used syringeNo4536.2916.250.12 (0.003–0.82)
Parents3024.19743.750 (0–2.03)Yes7963.711593.75
Sons6653.23637.500 (0–5.17)Exposed to used toothbrushNo10685.4816100.0
Siblings108.06318.750 (0–1.71)Yes1814.5200.0
Others97.2600.0Practice of tattooingNo10887.101487.501.04 (0.20–10.24)
Crowding index (person/room)Mean ± SD (range)1.15 ± 0.7 (0.28–3)1.1 ± 0.5 (0.6–1.67)Yes1612.90212.50
History of blood transfusionNo11189.5216100.0Exposed to bloodNo10282.261275.000.65 (0.17–3.02 A)
Prior surgical proceduresNo1512.1016.250.48 (0.01–3.64)History of BilharziasisNo11895.161062.500.08 (0.02–0.39)
Prior hospitalizationNo8669.351275.001.32 (0.37–5.99)History of injection treatment for BilharziasisNo11794.351593.750.90 (0.10–43.10)

UD: undetermined; below detection level in patients who were under treatment for HCV; aStudent t-test; : probability; OR (95% CI): odds ratio (95% confidence interval); ; .

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