Journal of Environmental and Public Health / 2018 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Assessing Cancer Risk Associated with Aquatic Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Pollution Reveals Dietary Routes of Exposure and Vulnerable Populations

Table 2

Cancer-relevant polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons are present in Superfund sediment, as determined by US EPA priority PAHs list and OncoLogic™ carcinogenicity ranking tool.

Concentration (ng/mL)Standard deviation (ng/mL)US EPA priority PAHOncoLogic™ carcinogenic concern level

Naphthalene1617.2341.2+
Phenanthrene597.1171.7+Low
Fluoranthene422.635.7+
Acenaphthene404.796.4+Low
Fluorene321.2188.5+
Pyrene288.021.4+Low
Carbazole246.060.1
Dibenzofuran207.782.9
1-Methylnaphthalene161.531.7
Benz(a)anthracene77.67.8+Low-moderate
Anthracene73.112.1+
Benzo(b)fluoranthene66.14.8+Moderate-high
Dibenzothiophene63.449.8
Chrysene62.04.7+
1,2-Benzofluorene46.54.1
2,6-Dimethylnaphthalene44.739.4
Benzo(a)pyrene44.32.4+High
Retene43.83.6
2-Methylphenanthrene39.810.7
Benzo(e)pyrene31.27.3
Benzo(k)fluoranthene26.61.7+Low-moderate
1-Methylphenanthrene20.53.1
Acenaphthylene17.08.5+
Benzo(g,h,i)perylene14.71.3+
Picene14.21.2Moderate
3,4-Benzofluorene9.03.0
Perylene8.80.8Low
Benzo(a)fluoranthene6.90.7Low-moderate
Dibenz(a,l)pyrene6.20.5High
Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene3.60.5+Moderate
Benzo(b)chrysene3.50.4
Dibenz(a,j)anthracene2.80.6Moderate
Dibenz(a,h)anthracene2.80.6+High
Benzo(c)phenanthrene2.40.3Low-moderate
3-Methylcholanthrene0.00.0

Concentrations determined by mass spectrometry in previous study [22].

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