Journal of Environmental and Public Health / 2018 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Adverse Childhood Experiences, Health‐Related Quality of Life, and Chronic Disease Risks in Rural Areas of the United States

Table 2

Distribution of ACE scores by sociodemographic characteristics in rural and urban areas of the United States, 2011-2012 BRFSS, 9 states (unweighted n, weighted %).

RURAL (n=29,521)ACE Score 0
n=13,521
(%)
SEACE Score 1
n=6,320
(%)
SEACE Score 2
n=3,446
(%)
SEACE Score 3
n=2,160
(%)
SEACE Score 4+
n=4,074
(%)
SEp-value

Age (years)

18-247.00.645.70.719.61.567.11.459.41.07<.001

25-347.80.4510.50.779.60.9411.61.2614.31.11

35-4410.80.5016.20.9216.61.2220.11.6521.71.25

45-5417.10.5621.30.9023.11.3019.41.4425.61.17

55-6421.30.5719.80.7621.41.1323.71.4119.20.99

≥6536.10.6626.60.8419.70.9918.31.199.80.61

Sex

Male47.30.7649.21.0947.21.6045.51.8939.31.44<.001

Female52.80.7650.81.0952.81.6054.51.8960.71.44

Race/Ethnicity

White, non-Hispanic (NH)89.80.4888.30.888.60.9486.11.4485.41.00<.001

Black, NH4.20.295.30.643.60.544.30.823.40.57

Asian, NH0.70.170.40.180.40.280.60.300.10.03

Native Hawaiian/Other Pacific Islander, NH0.10.020.10.030.10.070.10.100.30.18

American Indian/Alaska Native, NH1.50.121.70.212.30.364.50.913.70.38

Other, NH0.30.060.50.110.30.120.30.090.70.18

Multirace, NH0.60.120.60.131.40.331.30.452.70.43

Hispanic3.00.333.00.433.30.572.80.763.80.63

Veteran Status

Yes13.20.4713.50.6812.91.0013.01.1312.00.890.749

No86.80.4786.50.6887.11.0087.01.1388.00.89

Marital Status

Married64.40.7463.91.0761.61.6059.51.8553.11.43<.001

Divorced/Separated8.60.3511.40.6213.20.9014.91.1819.71.13

Widowed12.60.378.50.447.20.568.00.765.30.46

Never Married12.70.6914.00.9415.51.6015.11.6516.71.26

Unmarried Couple1.70.232.20.412.60.422.60.535.20.63

Education

Never Attended School0.30.090.50.220.20.100.00.000.20.08<.001

<High School14.10.6813.80.9315.21.4512.01.3920.21.38

High School Graduate36.00.7135.61.0335.71.5035.11.8332.21.31

Some College29.50.6830.21.0031.41.5034.21.7733.71.30

College20.10.5120.00.7317.50.9018.81.1913.80.77

Income

<$15,0008.50.448.70.69.00.8311.61.3215.70.97<.001

$15,000 to less than $25,00020.30.6919.90.9820.81.3819.01.5925.11.42

$25,000 to less than $35,00014.70.5615.40.8615.31.2014.71.4112.20.95

$35,000 to less than $50,00018.50.6316.80.8116.51.0317.41.5316.51.03

>$50,00038.00.7839.21.1238.41.5537.41.8830.51.35

Employment Status

Employed or Self-Employed50.50.7554.11.0856.11.5756.41.8354.41.40<.001

Out of Work3.20.306.00.597.10.958.41.1010.90.93

Homemaker/Student8.80.478.30.689.31.188.61.168.70.78

Retired32.00.6325.20.8219.20.9817.41.1610.20.64

Unable to Work5.40.366.50.518.30.809.21.0015.91.01

URBAN
(n=36,141)
ACE Score 0
n=15,457
(%)
SEACE Score 1
n=8,057
(%)
SEACE Score 2
n=4,510
(%)
SEACE Score 3
n=2,823
(%)
SEACE Score 4+
n=5,294
(%)
SEp-value

Age (years)

18-246.20.558.30.791.20.816.31.079.30.97<.001

25-348.40.439.10.581.00.7410.91.1215.10.86

35-4414.10.5017.80.771.00.7319.91.3020.71.00

45-5419.10.5421.90.821.00.7623.71.3225.90.98

55-6420.30.5120.10.660.80.7023.11.2218.90.79

≥6531.80.5722.90.70.90.6016.10.959.90.55

Sex

Male46.50.6947.50.9647.41.3041.60.3937.51.18<.001

Female53.50.6952.50.9652.61.3058.40.4562.51.18

Race/Ethnicity

White, non-Hispanic (NH)83.40.5481.20.8579.61.181.20.5278.31.07<.001

Black, NH7.20.359.00.588.30.701.00.409.80.79

Asian, NH4.40.343.40.451.90.330.30.081.10.28

Native Hawaiian/Other Pacific Islander, NH0.10.030.10.060.60.360.10.190.40.20

American Indian/Alaska Native, NH0.60.100.80.141.40.330.30.602.70.54

Other, NH0.60.120.40.090.90.220.20.680.60.12

Multi, NH0.60.090.80.131.80.390.20.343.00.42

Hispanic3.00.274.30.555.60.860.60.134.20.48

Veteran Status

Yes13.80.4411.80.5012.70.7513.31.0111.70.710.024

No86.20.4488.20.5087.40.7586.71.0188.30.71

Marital Status

Married65.30.6661.90.9558.61.3260.11.5554.51.17<.001

Divorced/Separated8.90.3110.20.4710.90.6314.21.1116.00.68

Widowed10.80.317.90.377.10.506.90.704.20.32

Never Married13.20.6017.60.9119.71.3014.81.1920.01.12

Unmarried Couple1.80.202.40.333.70.584.00.645.40.61

Education

Never Attended School0.20.060.10.070.00.020.50.290.00.02<.001

<High School8.50.469.50.699.20.8811.21.1913.71.01

High School Graduate28.10.6227.50.8626.91.2428.01.5127.11.02

Some College29.80.6432.00.9234.11.2232.81.4537.01.13

College33.40.6030.80.829.81.0627.51.2222.10.84

Income

<$15,0005.20.296.80.547.10.698.20.7911.60.66<.001

$15,000 to less than $25,00014.30.5113.10.7614.11.0516.41.3219.81.07

$25,000 to less than $35,00012.30.4711.40.6212.80.9411.11.0111.70.86

$35,000 to less than $50,00015.80.5414.50.6514.30.9315.71.2314.00.79

>$50,00052.40.7454.31.0251.71.3948.61.6242.91.19

Employment Status

Employed or Self-Employed52.00.6855.80.9557.51.2656.71.5653.91.16<.001

Out of Work4.00.266.00.486.70.638.80.9611.20.72

Homemaker/Student10.20.5110.90.7311.00.969.01.0112.40.87

Retired30.10.5622.50.7018.90.8516.90.9910.60.58

Unable to Work3.80.234.80.396.00.528.60.9711.90.72