Journal of Environmental and Public Health / 2018 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Household Food Insecurity, Underweight Status, and Associated Characteristics among Women of Reproductive Age Group in Assayita District, Afar Regional State, Ethiopia

Table 2

Multivariate analysis on underweight among 15–49-year-old women in households of Assayita district, Afar, Ethiopia, June 2015 ().

VariablesUnderweight statusCOR (95% CI)AOR (95% CI)
Yes (%)No (%)

Maternal age (years)
 15–19 (Ref)23 (4.7)21 (4.3)441.001.00
 20–2948 (9.8)67 (13.7)1150.65 (0.33 to 1.32)0.44 (0.17 to 1.17)
 30–3996 (19.6)173 (35.3)2690.51 (0.27 to 0.96)0.10 (0.04 to 0.27)
 40–4934 (6.9)28 (5.7)621.11 (0.51 to 2.41)0.78 (0.26 to 2.32)
Marital status
 Married (Ref)178 (36.6)279 (56.9)4571.001.00
 Never married23 (4.7)10 (2.0)333.61 (1.68 to 7.75)8.58 (2.98 to 24.73)
Family size
 1–3 (Ref)14 (2.9)23 (4.7)371.001.00
 4–795 (19.4)214 (43.7)3090.73 (0.36 to 1.48)0.66 (0.16 to 2.68)
 >792 (18.8)52 (10.6)1442.91 (1.38 to 6.13)0.86 (0.17 to 4.27)
Parity
 010 (2.0)5 (1.0)151.32 (0.44 to 3.99)0.76 (0.09 to 6.17)
 1-215 (3.1)75 (15.3)900.13 (0.07 to 0.25)0.28 (0.09 to 0.83)
 3-450 (10.2)126 (25.7)1760.26 (0.17 to 0.40)0.58 (0.26 to 1.28)
 ≥5 (Ref)126 (25.7)83 (16.9)2091.001.00
Number of children below 5 years of age
 0 (Ref)30 (6.1)96 (19.6)1261.001.00
 129 (5.9)102 (20.8)1310.10 (0.03 to 0.34)2.77 (1.08 to 7.07)
 ≥2142 (29.0)91 (18.6)2334.99 (3.07 to 8.13)9.27 (3.36 to 25.59)
HFIAS categories
 Secure (Ref)29 (5.9)116 (23.7)1451.001.00
 Mild food insecurity45 (9.2)83 (16.9)1282.17 (1.26 to 3.74)1.35 (0.65 to 2.82)
 Moderate food insecurity73 (14.9)75 (15.3)1483.89 (2.32 to 6.54)2.66 (1.27 to 5.58)
 Severe food insecurity54 (11.0)15 (3.1)6914.40 (7.14 to 29.06)6.99 (2.66 to 18.38)
Vocation
 Agropastoral (Ref)88 (18.0)163 (33.3)2391.001.00
 Pastoral113 (23.1)126 (25.7)(251)1.66 (1.16 to 2.39)2.14 (1.33 to 3.44)

Ref: reference category; value < 0.05, which was considered significant.

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