Journal of Environmental and Public Health / 2018 / Article / Tab 4

Research Article

Children under Five from Houses of Unclean Fuel Sources and Poorly Ventilated Houses Have Higher Odds of Suffering from Acute Respiratory Infection in Wolaita-Sodo, Southern Ethiopia: A Case-Control Study

Table 4

Relationship between fuel types, stoves, and home practices in ARI, Wolaita-Sodo, Ethiopia, February 2017 .

Characteristics of fuel and stove typesCase, (%)Control, (%)Total, (%)

Type of fuel mainly used for cooking
 Biomass fuel143 (50.5)140 (49.5)283 (24.73)
 Charcoal122 (17)596 (83)718 (62.76)
 Electricity21 (14.7)122 (85.3)143 (12.5)
Type of fuel mainly used for cooking
 Clean fuel21 (14.7)122 (85.3)143 (12.5)
 Nonclean fuel265 (26.5)736 (73.5)1001 (87.5)
Type of cooking stove usually used
 Open stove258 (27.2)692 (72.8)950 (83.04)
 Improved stove11 (10.9)90 (89.1)101 (8.82)
 Electric stove17 (18.3)76 (81.7)93 (8.12)
Time spent in cooking
 1 hour66 (24.4)205 (75.6)271 (23.7)
 2 hours120 (23.4)392 (76.6)512 (44.8)
 3+ hours100 (27.7)261 (72.3)361 (31.6)
Child usually present during cooking
 Yes123 (32.1)260 (67.9)383 (33.47)
 No163 (21.4)598 (78.6)761 (66.52)
Habit of carrying a child while cooking
 Yes106 (34.4)202 (65.6)308 (26.9)
 No180 (21.5)656 (78.5)836 (73.07)
Family member smokes cigarette
 Yes11 (50)11 (50)22 (1.92)
 No275 (24.5)847 (75.5)1122 (98.0)