Journal of Environmental and Public Health / 2018 / Article / Tab 5

Research Article

Children under Five from Houses of Unclean Fuel Sources and Poorly Ventilated Houses Have Higher Odds of Suffering from Acute Respiratory Infection in Wolaita-Sodo, Southern Ethiopia: A Case-Control Study

Table 5

Logistic regression model for ARI, Wolaita-Sodo, Southern Ethiopia, February 2017.

Predictor variablesCaseControlAOR (95% CI)COR (95% CI)

Educational status of the mother
 Illiterate982331.40 (1.05–1.860.94 (0.67–1.31)
 Literate1886251.001.00
Employment status
 Employed301801.001.00
 Petty trade371681.32 (0.78–2.24)1.10 (0.62–1.96)
 Unemployed611242.95 (1.80–4.832.21 (1.27–3.85
 Housewife1583862.46 (1.60–3.771.97 (1.23–3.15
Family size
 ≤5 families1906411.001.00
 >5 families962171.49 (1.12–1.991.85 (1.31–2.62
Birth interval
 <=2 years1774651.37 (1.04–1.801.41 (1.03–1.92
 >2 years1093931.001.00
Number of rooms in the house
 1 room1182292.18 (1.53–3.111.46 (0.81–2.66)
 2 rooms1063661.22 (0.86–1.74)1.15 (0.70–1.90)
 3+ rooms622631.001.00
Number of windows of the house
 No window22421.95 (1.04–3.660.77 (0.32–1.84)
 1 window1593491.70 (1.13–2.550.71 (0.37–1.38)
 2 windows673250.77 (0.49–1.20)0.51 (0.29–1.92)
 3+ windows381421.001.00
Level of house ventilation
 Poor1862884.62 (2.92–7.304.32 (2.61–7.15
 Moderate753911.37 (0.84–2.23)1.58 (0.93–2.68)
 Good251791.001.00
Kitchen arrangement
 Inside the house1252261.23 (0.73–2.08)1.54 (0.85–2.76)
 Separate building1365760.52 (0.31–0.870.70 (0.39–1.26)
 Outdoor/open25561.001.00
Type of fuel mainly used for cooking
 Clean fuel211221.001.00
 Nonclean fuel2657362.09 (1.29–3.392.09 (1.03–4.22
Type of stoves usually used
 Open stove2586921.001.00
 Improved stove11900.32 (0.17–0.620.62 (0.30–1.24)
 Electric stove17760.60 (0.34–1.03)1.91 (0.87–4.20)
Child usually present during cooking
 Yes1232601.73 (1.31–2.281.28 (0.92–1.78)
 No1635981.001.00
Habit of carrying a child while cooking
 Yes1062021.91 (1.44–2.551.66 (1.18–2.34
 No1806561.001.00
Family member smoke cigarette
 Yes11113.08 (1.32–7.181.84 (0.69–4.90)
 No2758471.001.00

indicates those that are significant at value < 0.05; 1.00 indicates the reference category.