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Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Volume 2019, Article ID 7395784, 7 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2019/7395784
Research Article

Lifestyles, Depression, Anxiety, and Stress as Risk Factors in Nursing Apprentices: A Logistic Regression Analysis of 1193 Students in Lima, Peru

1Nursing Professional School, Universidad Privada San Juan Bautista, Lima, Peru
2Vice-Rectorate, Universidad Privada San Juan Bautista, Lima, Peru
3Postgraduate Department in Stomatology, Universidad Científica Del Sur, Lima, Peru

Correspondence should be addressed to Frank Mayta-Tovalino; ep.ude.acifitneicu@tatyamf

Received 7 February 2019; Revised 4 July 2019; Accepted 17 September 2019; Published 6 November 2019

Academic Editor: Alice Mannocci

Copyright © 2019 Jessica Diaz-Godiño et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Currently, it is considered that mental disorders are related to different types of chronic pathologies; for this reason, efforts to improve general health should also focus on preserving mental health. Therefore, the objective of this study was to determine through logistic regression if the independent variables (risk factors) such as (X1) age, (X2) sex, (X3) marital status, (X4) number of children, and (X5) occupation have influence on the dependent variables such as lifestyles, depression, anxiety, and stress in Peruvian nursing students. The research study was descriptive, transversal, and prospective; 1193 nursing students from Chorrillos, Ica, and Chincha were evaluated, which constituted the total population for the 2018 semester. The Health Promoting Life Profile-II (HPLP-II) and the Depression and Anxiety Stress Scale-21 (DASS-21) were used as instruments. 53.9% of nursing students had unhealthy lifestyles; however, they presented moderate (19.7%), slight (14.2%), severe (2.5%), and extremely severe (2.4%) anxiety. With respect to depression, it was found that 61.2% and 59.9% of affected students were stressed. A significant association was found only between depression and age () and OR = 2.0 (95% CI 1.3–3.1), anxiety and marital status () and OR = 1.7 (95% CI 1.0–2.6), and lifestyles and sex of the students () and OR = 1.1 (95% CI 1.1–2.3). Finally, it is concluded that Peruvian nursing students showed levels of anxiety ranging from moderate to extremely severe, while most of them had “normal” states of depression and stress and also showed unhealthy lifestyles.