Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Food Quality
Volume 2017, Article ID 2904951, 7 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/2904951
Research Article

The Composition Analysis of Maca (Lepidium meyenii Walp.) from Xinjiang and Its Antifatigue Activity

1State Key Laboratory of Dairy Biotechnology, Technology Center, Bright Dairy & Food Co. Ltd., Shanghai 200436, China
2School of Food Science and Technology, Jiangnan University, Wuxi 214122, China
3Institute of Food Research, Hezhou University, Guangxi 542899, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Zhenhua Duan; moc.621@56hzd and Liuping Fan; nc.ude.nangnaij@gnipuilnaf

Received 30 May 2017; Revised 11 October 2017; Accepted 16 October 2017; Published 16 November 2017

Academic Editor: Hui-Min D. Wang

Copyright © 2017 Jieying Li et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. H. E. Flores, T. S. Walker, R. L. Guimarães, H. P. Bais, and J. M. Vivanco, “Andean root and tuber crops: underground rainbows,” HortScience, vol. 38, no. 2, pp. 161–167, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. A. Dini, G. Migliuolo, L. Rastrelli, P. Saturnino, and O. Schettino, “Chemical composition of Lepidium meyenii,” Food Chemistry, vol. 49, no. 4, pp. 347–349, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. B. Cui, B. L. Zheng, K. He, and Q. Y. Zheng, “Imidazole alkaloids from Lepidium meyenii,” Journal of Natural Products, vol. 66, no. 8, pp. 1101–1103, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. M. Ganzera, J. Zhao, I. Muhammad, and I. A. Khan, “Chemical profiling and standardization of Lepidium meyenii (Maca) by reversed phase high performance liquid chromatography,” Chemical & Pharmaceutical Bulletin, vol. 50, no. 7, pp. 988–991, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. G. Li, U. Ammermann, and C. F. Quirós, “Glucosinolate contents in maca (Lepidium peruvianum Chacón) seeds, sprouts, mature plants and several derived commercial products,” Economic Botany, vol. 55, no. 2, pp. 255–262, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. Y. Wang, Y. Wang, B. McNeil, and L. M. Harvey, “Maca: An Andean crop with multi-pharmacological functions,” Food Research International, vol. 40, no. 7, pp. 783–792, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. S. Shin, D. Park, J. H. Jeon, S. S. Joo, Y. B. Kim, and H. G. Kand, “Gelatinized and fermented powders of Lepidium meyenii (maca) improve physical stamina and epididymal sperm counts in male mice,” Journal of Embryo Transfer, vol. 23, pp. 283–289, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  8. E. H. Choi, J. I. Kang, J. Y. Cho et al., “Supplementation of standardized lipid-soluble extract from maca (Lepidium meyenii) increases swimming endurance capacity in rats,” Journal of Functional Foods, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 568–573, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. R. F. Xie and X. Qu, “The introduction and cultivation techniques of Maca,” Yunnan Agricultural Science, pp. 42-43, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  10. P. Q. Li, “Successful techniques of maca (a special herbal medicines introduced from US) cultivation in Yunnan Huize,” Yunnan Rural Economy (China), pp. 94-95, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  11. H. Zheng, H. Zhang, J. Gan, L. F. Xu, Z. H. Zhang, and Y. Feng, “Introduction and cultivation of Peruvian ginseng (Lepidium meyenii Walp.) and its chemical utilization in China,” Chemistry and Industry of Forest Products, pp. 255–259, 2009 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar
  12. W. W. Jin, Q. F. Wang, S. Li, L. M. Wang, and L. J. Yu, “GC-MS analysis of chemical components of essential oil from lepidium meyenii grown in xinjiang area,” Food Science (China), vol. 30, pp. 241–245, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  13. Ministry of Public Health of China. (2011). Approval of introducing maca as a kind of a kind of new resource of food.
  14. AOAC (1990). Official Methods of Analysis of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists, 15th edn. Washington, DC: Association of Official Analytical Chemists.
  15. S. Moore and W. H. Stein, “Chromatographic determination of amino acids by the use of automatic recording equipment,” in Methods in Enzymology, vol. 6, pp. 819–831, Academic Press, 1963. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  16. J. Gan, Y. Feng, H. E. Zhao, L. F. Xu, H. Zhang, and X. M. Chen, “Total alkaloids in maca (Lepidium meyenii) cultivated in Yunnan,” Journal of Food Science, vol. 31, no. 24, pp. 415–419, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  17. Y. C. Zhu, B. H. Li, C. Y. Luo, C. H. Luo, and D. L. Huang, “Analysis of macaenes and macamides in maca plant by high performance liquid chromatograph-mass,” Analytical Instruments, vol. 5, pp. 44–49, 2014 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar
  18. Z. Ai, A. F. Cheng, J. Y. Meng, H. Liu, L. J. Yu, and W. W. Jin, “Analysis of chemical components and content of glucosinolate from domestic Maca,” in Food Science and Technology, vol. 4, pp. 182–186, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  19. W. Zhang, J. L. Cao, S. Z. Wu et al., “Anti-fatigue effect of yak milk powder in mouse model,” Dairy Science Technology, vol. 95, pp. 245–255, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  20. Ministry of Public Health of China. (2003). Technical standards for testing and assessment of health food.
  21. J. M. Yang, Z. Wang, and Y. X. Yang, “Analysis and comparison of nutritional composition for dried maca,” Chinese Journal of Food Hygiene, vol. 3, pp. 201–205, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  22. L. J. Yu and W. W. Jin, “Study on the nutritional components and the anti-fatigue effects of dry powder of maca (Lepidium meyenii),” Journal of Food Science, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 164–166, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  23. P. Du, Y. Shan, H. Sun et al., “Nutritional compositions in fruit of maca (Lepidium meyenii Walp.) cultivated in Yunnan,” Food Science (China), vol. 31, pp. 345–347, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  24. FAO/WHO. (1973). Energy and protein requirements. FAO nutrition meeting report series, 52-63.
  25. B. L. Zheng, K. He, C. H. Kim et al., “Effect of a lipidic extract from Lepidium meyenii on sexual behavior in mice and rats,” Urology, vol. 55, no. 4, pp. 598–602, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. M. M. McCollom, J. R. Villinski, K. L. McPhail, L. E. Craker, and S. Gafner, “Analysis of macamides in samples of Maca (Lepidium meyenii) by HPLC-UV-MS/MS,” Phytochemical Analysis, vol. 16, no. 6, pp. 463–469, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. C. Luo, H. Zhang, H. Zheng, J. Zhang, and J. Gan, “Optimization of glucosinolates extracted from maca(Lepidium meyenii) by combined ultrasonic and microwave extraction with response surface methodology,” Advanced Materials Research, vol. 550-553, pp. 1893–1899, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. W. Tan, K.-Q. Yu, Y.-Y. Liu et al., “Anti-fatigue activity of polysaccharides extract from Radix Rehmanniae Preparata,” International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, vol. 50, no. 1, pp. 59–62, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. W. Tang, Y. Zhang, J. Gao, X. Ding, and S. Gao, “The anti-fatigue effect of 20(R)-ginsenoside Rg3 in mice by intranasally administration,” Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin, vol. 31, no. 11, pp. 2024–2027, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. L. You, J. Ren, B. Yang, J. Regenstein, and M. Zhao, “Antifatigue activities of loach protein hydrolysates with different antioxidant activities,” Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, vol. 60, no. 50, pp. 12324–12331, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. J. L. Wen, F. Y. He, C. N. Han, Y. Li, R. Dai, and Q. Lin, “The effects of introduction Lepidium meyenii in Yunnan province on nonspecific immunity, fatigure and hypoxia function,” Journal of Yunnan University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, vol. 35, no. 5, pp. 4–7, 2012 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar
  32. C. C. Huang, M. C. Hsu, W. C. Huang, H. R. Yang, and C. C. Hou, “Triterpenoid-Rich extract from antrodia camphorata improves physical fatigue and exercise performance in mice,” Evidence-Based Complementary And Alternative Medicine, pp. 1–8, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  33. J. Zhang, H. Li, W. Zhou, H. Tang, and T. L. Zhang, “Effect of Maca powder on the anti-fatigue of mice and its mechanism,” Journal of Hygiene Research, vol. 42, no. 6, pp. 1046–1104, 2013 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar
  34. S. Gao, Y. Tong, X. Y. Xiong, Y. Zhang, and S. P. Wu, “Experimentally comparative study of maca and americam ginseng for relieving physical fatigue,” Laboratory animal science and management, vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 4–6, 2006 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar
  35. L. Wang, H.-L. Zhang, R. Lu et al., “The decapeptide CMS001 enhances swimming endurance in mice,” Peptides, vol. 29, no. 7, pp. 1176–1182, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. J. Liu, C. Du, Y. Wang, and Z. Yu, “Anti-fatigue activities of polysaccharides extracted from Hericium erinaceus,” Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 483–487, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus