Different Phenolic Extracts of Oil Palm Fruits and Caffeic Acid Prevent Palmitic Acid-Induced Lipotoxicity in HepG2 Cells via Improving Mitochondrial Function
The inhibitory effects of phenolic fractions from oil palm fruits with or without ultrahigh pressure treatment and caffeic acid on PA-induced MMP depolarization: (a) flow cytometry analysis, (b) the ratio of red fluorescence to green fluorescence of different groups. Data are expressed as mean ± SD (n = 3). In Figure 4(b), mean values with different letters are significantly different (). CK: control group; BSA: BSA/NaOH complex solution; PA: PA/BSA complex solution; MMP: mitochondrial membrane potential; “F” free phenolic fraction; “E” esterified phenolic fraction; “IB” insoluble-bound phenolic fraction.
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