Table of Contents
Journal of Fuels
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 289380, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/289380
Research Article

Facile Route to Generate Fuel Oil via Catalytic Pyrolysis of Waste Polypropylene Bags: Towards Waste Management of >20  Plastic Bags

N. Shankaran Nair Research Center for Nanotechnology and Bionanotechnology, SICES College of Arts, Science and Commerece, Ambernath, Maharashtra 421505, India

Received 17 April 2013; Accepted 29 July 2013; Published 2 January 2014

Academic Editors: X. Lu, A. W. Mohammad, and M. N. Siddiqui

Copyright © 2014 Neeraj Mishra et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

A novel strategy of waste recycling of polypropylene plastics (PP) bags for generation of commercially viable byproducts using nanoforms of nickel as catalyst is presented in this work. After pyrolysis of waste PP bags (>20 μm) under continuous argon flow, 90% conversion efficiency to high petroleum oil was observed at 550°C. To assess the physicochemical attributes of formed oil, flash point, pour point, viscosity, specific gravity, heating value, and density were also measured and found to be very close to ideal values of commercial fuel oil. Moreover, GC-MS was used to resolve the range of trace mass hydrocarbon present in the liquefied hydrocarbon. Our robust recycling system can be exploited as economical technique to solve the nuisance of waste plastic hazardous to ecosystem.