Table of Contents
Journal of Geological Research
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 127109, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/127109
Research Article

Mechanical Erosion in a Tropical River Basin in Southeastern Brazil: Chemical Characteristics and Annual Fluvial Transport Mechanisms

1Centro de Energia Nuclear na Agricultura, Universidade de São Paulo, Avenida Centenário, 303, 13416-970 Piracicaba, SP, Brazil
2Département Environnement et Agrobiotechnologies, Centre de Recherche Public Gabriel Lippmann, 41, rue du Brill, Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg, 4422 Belvaux, Luxembourg

Received 29 March 2012; Revised 9 August 2012; Accepted 10 December 2012

Academic Editor: Steven L. Forman

Copyright © 2012 Alexandre Martins Fernandes et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. M. R. L. Siviero and E. M. Coiado, “A produção de sedimentos a montante de uma seção do rio Atibaia associada à descarga sólida transportada,” in Proceedings of the 13th Simpósio Brasileiro de Recursos Hídricos, Belo Horizonte, 1999.
  2. F. F. B. Ferraz and J. Mortatti, “Avaliação do processo erosivo mecânico em bacia subtropical desenvolvida pela análise de sedimentos finos em suspensão,” Geociências, vol. 21, no. 1-2, pp. 113–120, 2002. View at Google Scholar
  3. F. F. Pruski, L. N. Rodrigues, and D. D. Silva, “Modelo hidrológico para estimativa do escoamento superficial em áreas agrícolas,” Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Agrícola e Ambiental, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 301–307, 2001. View at Google Scholar
  4. Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística-IBGE, “Dados do Censo 2010 publicados no Diário Oficial da União do dia 04/11/2010,” 2010, http://www.ibge.gov.br/censo2010/dados_divulgados/index.php/uf=35.
  5. J. L. S. Ross and I. C. Moroz, Mapa Geomorfológico do Estado de São Paulo, Laboratório de Geomorfologia/Departamento de Geografia/FFLCH-USP, Laboratório de Cartografia Geotécnica-Geologia Aplicada-IPT, FAPESP, Mapas e Relatórios, São Paulo, Brazil, 1997.
  6. J. B. Oliveira, M. N. Camargo, M. Rossi, and B. Calderano Filho, MaPa Pedológico do Estado de São Paulo: Legenda Expandida, Instituto Agronômico, Campinas, São Paulo, and Rio de Janeiro: Embrapa-Solos, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 1999.
  7. M. M. Perrota, E. D. Salvador, R. C. Lopes et al., Mapa Geológico do Estado de São Paulo, Scale 1:750,000, Programa Geologia Brasil-PGB, CPRM, São Paulo, Brasil, 2005.
  8. Instituto de Pesquisas Tecnológicas-IPT, Atualização do Relatório de Situação dos Recursos Hídricos 1995 da Bacia do Sorocaba e Médio Tietê (Relatório Zero) Como Subsídio à Elaboração do Plano de Bacia, vol. 1, (Relatório Técnico no. 80 401-205), Agrupamento de Geologia Aplicada ao Meio Ambiente-AGAMA/Divisão de Geologia-DiGeo/Instituto de Pesquisas Tecnológicas-IPT, Paulo, Brazil.
  9. W. P. Köppen, Climatologia: Com um Estúdio de los Climas de la Tierra, Fondo de Cultura Economica, Español. México, 1st edition, 1948.
  10. D. E. Walling and P. W. Moorehead, “The particle size characteristics of fluvial suspended sediment: an overview,” Hydrobiologia, vol. 176-177, no. 1, pp. 125–149, 1989. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. E. T. Degens, S. Kempe, and J. E. Richey, Biogeochemistry of Major World Rivers, John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, UK, 1990.
  12. J. Mortatti, Erosão na Amazônia: processos, modelos e balanço [Sci thesis], Escola Superior de Agricultura “Luiz de Queiroz”, Universidade de São Paulo, Piracicaba, São Paulo, Brazil, 1995.
  13. J. L. Probst, “Géochimie et hydrologie de l’érosion continentale. Mécanisms, bilan global actuel et fluctuations au cours des 500 derniers millions d’annés,” Sciences Géologiques, no. 94, p. 161, 1992. View at Google Scholar
  14. J. Samuel, R. Rouault, and Y. Besnus, “Analyse multiémentaire standardisée des materiaux géologiques en spectrométrie d’émission par plasma a couplage inductif,” Analusis, vol. 13, no. 7, pp. 312–317, 1985. View at Google Scholar
  15. J. Mortatti and J. L. Probst, “Characteristics of heavy metals and their evaluation in suspended sediments from Piracicaba river basin (São Paulo, Brazil),” Revista Brasileira De Geociências, vol. 40, no. 3, pp. 375–379, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  16. J. M. Martin and M. Meybeck, “Elemental mass-balance of material carried by major world rivers,” Marine Chemistry, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 173–206, 1979. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. R. F. Stallard, “Weathering and erosion in the humid tropics,” in Physical and Chemical Weathering in Geochemical Cycles, A. Lerman and M. Meybeck, Eds., pp. 225–246, Kluwer Academic, 1988. View at Google Scholar
  18. J. I. Drever, The Geochemistry of Natural Watersed, Prentice-Hall, New Jersey, NJ, USA, 2nd edition, 1988.
  19. D. E. Canfield, “The geochemistry of river particulates from the continental USA: major elements,” Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, vol. 61, no. 16, pp. 3349–3365, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. M. Meybeck, “Global chemical weathering of surficial rocks estimated from river dissolved loads,” American Journal of Science, vol. 287, no. 5, pp. 401–428, 1987. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. J. M. Edmond, M. R. Palmer, C. I. Measures, B. Grant, and R. F. Stallard, “The fluvial geochemistry and denudation rate of the Guayana Shield in Venezuela, Colombia, and Brazil,” Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, vol. 59, no. 16, pp. 3301–3325, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. J. L. Probst and A. Bazerbachi, “Transports en solution et en suspension par la Garonne supérieure,” Scence Géologique Bulletin, vol. 39, pp. 79–98, 1986. View at Google Scholar
  23. L. Leleyter, Spéciation chimique des éléments majeurs, traces et des terres rares dans les matières en suspension et dans lês sédiments de found dês cours d’eau: application aux fleuves de Patagonia (Argentine), à La Piracicaba (Brésil), à Sebou (Maroc) et à I’lll (France) [Ph.D. thesis], Université Louis Pasteur, Strasbourg, France, 1998.
  24. J. Mortatti, M. C. Bernardes, J. L. Probst, and L. Leleyter, “Composição química dos sedimentos fluviais em suspensão na bacia do rio Piracicaba: extração seletiva de elementos traço,” Geochimica Brasiliensis, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 123–141, 2002. View at Google Scholar
  25. J. Konta and “, “Mineralogy and chemical maturity of suspended matter in major world rivers sampled under the Scope/Unep project,” in Transport of Carbon and Minerals in Major World Rivers, Part 3, E. T. Degens, Ed., vol. 58, pp. 569–592, Mitt. Geology Paläontology, Ins. Universität Hamburg, Scope/Unep Sonderband, 1985. View at Google Scholar
  26. J. L. Probst and N. Sigha, “Estimation de l’écoulement superficiel et de as charge en suspension sur quelques grands bassins fluviaux du monde,” Comptes Rendus de L’Acadadémie des Sciences, vol. 309, no. 4, pp. 357–363, 1989. View at Google Scholar
  27. A. M. Fernandes, M. B. Nolasco, and J. Mortatti, “Estimativa do escoamento superficial rápido e sua carga em suspensão com a aplicação de do modelo de separação de hidrogramas com filtros numéricos: bacia do rio Sorocaba-SP,” Geociências, vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 49–57, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  28. M. Meybeck, Les fleuves et le cycle géochimique des elements [Sci. thesis], Université de Paris VI, Paris, France, 1984.
  29. J. L. Probst, “Dissolved and suspended matter transported by the Girou River (France): mechanical and chemical erosion rates in a calcareous molasse basin,” Hydrological Sciences Journal/Journal des Sciences Hydrologiques, vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 61–79, 1986. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. J. M. Bortoletto Junior, Características hidrogeoquímicas e processos erosivos mecânicos e químicos nas bacias de drenagem dos rios Tietê e Piracicaba [Ph.D. thesis], Centro de Energia Nuclear na Agricultura, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brasil, 2004.
  31. J. Mortatti, M. J. Bortoletto Junior, L. C. E. Milde, and J. L. Probst, “Hidrologia dos rios Tietê e Piracicaba: séries temporais de vazão e hidrogramas de cheia,” Revista Ciência e Tecnologia, vol. 12, no. 23, pp. 55–97, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  32. J. Mortatti, J. L. Probst, and M. J. Bortoletto Junior, “Piracicaba river basin: mechanical and chemical erosions,” Geociências, vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 75–81, 2003. View at Google Scholar
  33. D. E. Walling and D. Fang, “Recent trends in the suspended sediment loads of the world's rivers,” Global and Planetary Change, vol. 39, no. 1-2, pp. 111–126, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. J. L. Probst, P. Amiotte-Suchet, and Y. Tardy, “Global continental erosion and fluctuations of atmospheric CO2 consumed during the last 100 years,” in Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Water-Rock Interaction, pp. 483–486, 1992.
  35. M. Meybeck, L. Laroche, H. H. Dürr, and J. P. M. Syvitski, “Global variability of daily total suspended solids and their fluxes in rivers,” Global and Planetary Change, vol. 39, no. 1-2, pp. 65–93, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. J. Mortatti, R. L. Victória, and Y. Tardy, “Balanço de alteração e erosão química na bacia amazônica,” Geochimica Brasiliensis, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 2–13, 1997. View at Google Scholar
  37. G. R. Blake and K. H. Hartge, “Bulk densityin,” in Method of Soil Analysis. Part 1. Physical and Mineralogical Methods, A. Klute, Ed., pp. 363–375, American Society of Agronomy, Soil Science Society of America, Madison, Wis, USA, 2nd edition, 1986. View at Google Scholar
  38. R. R. Nkounkou and J. L. Probst, “Hydrology and geochemistry of the Congo river system,” Mitt. Geology Paläontology, Ins. Universität Hamburg, Scope/Unep Sonderband, vol. 64, pp. 483–508, 1987. View at Google Scholar
  39. J. L. Boeglin and J. L. Probst, “Physical and chemical weathering rates and CO2 consumption in a tropical lateritic environment: the upper Niger Basin,” USDA Forest Service—General Technical Report RMRS-GTR, vol. 148, no. 3-4, pp. 137–156, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus