Table of Contents
Journal of Histology
Volume 2013, Article ID 643287, 19 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/643287
Research Article

Histomorphological Studies on the Prostate Gland of Donkey Equus Asinus during Different Seasons

Department of Anatomy and Histology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Assiut University, Assiut 71526, Egypt

Received 19 May 2013; Revised 3 July 2013; Accepted 7 July 2013

Academic Editor: Francesco Cappello

Copyright © 2013 Alaa S. Abou-Elhamd et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. W. J. Banks, Male Reproductive System, Mosby Year Book, St. Louis, Lo, USA, 3rd edition, 1993.
  2. M. C. G. Davies Morel, Equine Reproductive Physiology, Breeding and Stud Management, CABI Publishing, 2nd edition, 2003.
  3. A. S. Abou-Elhamd, A. O. Salem, and A. A. Selim, “Histological and histochemical studies on the ampulla of the deferent duct of donkey (Equus asinus),” Journal of Advanced Veterinary Research, vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 261–270, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  4. H. A. Bern, “The effects of sex steroids on the sex accessories of the male Dutch rabbit,” American Journal of Anatomy, vol. 84, no. 2, pp. 231–277, 1949. View at Google Scholar
  5. J. A. Arcadi, “Some polysaccharide components of the prostate gland of the dog,” The Anatomical Record, vol. 112, no. 3, pp. 593–607, 1952. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. R. N. Aitken, “A histochemical study of the accessory genital glands of the boar,” Journal of Anatomy, vol. 94, pp. 130–142, 1960. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. R. V. Short, T. Mann, and M. F. Hay, “Male reproductive organs of the African elephant, Loxodonta africana,” Journal of Reproduction and Fertility, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 517–536, 1967. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. R. A. Kainer, L. C. Faulkner, and M. Abdel-Raouf, “Glands associated with the urethra of the bull,” American Journal of Veterinary Research, vol. 30, no. 6, pp. 963–974, 1969. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. S. Sisson, The Anatomy of the Domestic Animals, vol. 1, W. B. Saunders, Philadelphia, Pa, USA, 1975.
  10. D. H. Cormack, “The male reproductive system,” in Ham's Histology, J. B. Lippincott, Philadelphia, Pa, USA, 9th edition, 1987. View at Google Scholar
  11. M. T. Nasr and I. A. Moustafa, “Morphohistological and histochemical studies on the prostate gland of the camel (Camelus dromedarius) during different ages,” Journal of the Egyptian Veterinary Medical Association, vol. 48, pp. 317–334, 1988. View at Google Scholar
  12. Chandrapal and M. B. L. Bharadwaj, “Microanatomy of corpus prostate in buffalo (Bulbalus bulbalis) at different stages of maturity,” Indian Veterinary Journal, vol. 70, pp. 1025–1029, 1993. View at Google Scholar
  13. R. N. Aitken, “Observations on the development of the seminal vesicles, prostate and bulbourethral glands in the ram,” Journal of Anatomy, vol. 93, no. 1, pp. 43–51, 1959. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. E. Aughey, “Histology and histochemistry of the male accessory glands of the red deer, Cervus elaphus L,” Journal of Reproduction and Fertility, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 399–407, 1969. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. A. Selim A, Histological and histochemical studies on the accessory genital glands of balady buck with special references to seasonal changes [M.S. thesis], Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt, 1974.
  16. K. H. Wrobel, “Histochemical examinations of the prostatic parenchyma in the goat,” Zentralblatt für Veterinärmedizin C, vol. 1, pp. 64–72, 1972. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. A. Abou-Elmagd and K. H. Wrobel, “The periurethral glandular complex in the water buffalo: an ultrastructural, histological and lectin-histochemical study,” Archives of Histology and Cytology, vol. 52, no. 5, pp. 501–512, 1989. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. T. Miraglia, M. Telles Filho, and A. L. Branco, “The male reproductive system of the common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus),” Acta Anatomica, vol. 76, no. 4, pp. 594–611, 1970. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. K. H. Wrobel and H. D. Dellmann, “Male reproductive system,” in Textbook of Veterinary Histology, H.-D. P. Dellmann, Ed., Lea & Febiger, Philadelphia, Pa, USA, 4th edition, 1993. View at Google Scholar
  20. A. E. Aly and A. A. Khabir, “The ultrastructure of normal prostatic acini of the camel (Camelus dromedarius),” Zagazig Veterinary Journal, vol. 13, pp. 79–89, 1986. View at Google Scholar
  21. M. B. Amin and D. G. Bostwick, “Pigment in prostatic epithelium and adenocarcinoma: a potential source of diagnostic confusion with seminal vesicular epithelium,” Modern Pathology, vol. 9, no. 7, pp. 791–795, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. A. R. Seaman and M. Winell, “The ultrafine structure of the normal prostate gland of the dog,” Acta Anatomica, vol. 51, pp. 1–28, 1962. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. U. Kanwar and C. Sheikher, “Morphological and cytochemical studies on the shrew prostate gland,” Acta Anatomica, vol. 98, no. 2, pp. 194–198, 1977. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. H. A. Ali, K. A. Moniem, and M. D. Tingari, “Some histochemical studies on the prostate, urethral and bulbourethral glands of the one humped camel (Camelus dromedarius),” Histochemical Journal, vol. 8, no. 6, pp. 565–578, 1976. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. A. A. Abbas, Histological and histochemical studies of the accessory genital glands of the balady ram with special reference to age and seasonal variations [M.S. thesis], Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Zagazig University, 1976.
  26. E.-S. M. Mosallam, Histological and histochemical studies of the male accessory glands of the adult camel (Camelus dromedarius) in the different seasons of the year [Ph.D. thesis], Cairo, Egypt, 1981.
  27. H. F. Harris, “On the rapid conversion of haematoxylin into haematin in staining reactions,” Journal of Applied Microscopy and Laboratory Methods, vol. 3, p. 777, 1900. View at Google Scholar
  28. J. D. Bancroft and A. Steven, Theory and Practice of Histological Techniques, Churchill Livingstone, New York, NY, USA, 4th edition, 1996.
  29. G. Crossmon, “A modification of Mallory’s connective tissue with a discussion of principles involved,” The Anatomical Record, vol. 69, pp. 33–38, 1937. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  30. P. Böck, Romeis Mikroskopishe Technik, vol. 17, Urban und Schwarzenberg, München, Germany, 1989.
  31. F. H. Verhoeff, “Some new staining methods of wide applicability. Including a rapid differential stain for elastic tissue,” The Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 50, p. 876, 1908. View at Google Scholar
  32. J. D. Bancroft and A. Steven, Theory and Practice of Histological Techniques, Churchill Livingstone, New York, NY, USA, 4th edition, 1996.
  33. G. Gomori, “Silver impregnation of reticulum in paraffin sections,” The American Journal of Pathology, vol. 13, no. 6, pp. 993–1002, 1937. View at Google Scholar
  34. J. F. A. McManus, “Histological demonstration of mucin after periodic acid,” Nature, vol. 158, no. 4006, p. 202, 1946. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. H. F. Steedman, “Alcian blue 8GS; a new stain for mucin,” The Quarterly Journal of Microscopical Science, vol. 91, pp. 477–479, 1950. View at Google Scholar
  36. R. W. Mowry, “Observations on the use of sulphuric ether for the sulphation of hydroxyl groups in tissue sections,” Journal of Histochemistry & Cytochemistry, vol. 4, p. 407, 1956. View at Google Scholar
  37. F. Best, “Über karmin Färbung des Glykogens und der Kerne,” Zeitsch. Wissenschaft. Microsk. & Mikrosk. Technick, vol. 23, pp. 319–322, 1906. View at Google Scholar
  38. O. B. Bayliss and C. W. M. Adams, “Bromine-Sudan Black: a general stain for lipids including free cholesterol,” The Histochemical Journal, vol. 4, no. 6, pp. 505–515, 1972. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. A. Trautmann and J. Fiebiger, “The male genital organs,” in Fundamentals of the Histology of Domestic Animals, R. E. Habel and E. L. Biberstein, Eds., Comstock Publishing Associates Itheca, New York, NY, USA, 1957, translated and revised from 8th and 9th German. View at Google Scholar
  40. R. Nickel, A. Schummer, and E. Seiferle, “Male genital organs,” in The Viscera of the Domestic Mammals, Paul Parey, Berlin, Germany, 1st edition, 1973, translated and revised by Sack W. O. View at Google Scholar
  41. K. M. Dyce, W. O. Sack, and C. J. G. Wensing, “The urogenital apparatus,” in Textbook of Veterinary Anatomy, W. B. Saunders, Philadelphia, Pa, USA, 2nd edition, 1996. View at Google Scholar
  42. M. F. A. Fahmy and A. M. H. Osman, “Certain morphological investigations on the male genital organs of water buffalo as guide for andrological diagnosis. IV. Accessory glands,” Egyptian Journal of Veterinary Science, vol. 9, pp. 56–65, 1972. View at Google Scholar
  43. G. Fehér and A. Haraszti, “Beiträge zur Morphologie und zu den altersbedingten Veranderungen der akzessorischen Geschlechtsdrüsen von Stieren,” Acta Veterinaria Hungarica, vol. 14, pp. 141–145, 1964. View at Google Scholar
  44. L. S. Sudhakar, L. D. Dhingra, and D. N. Sharma, “Histomorphological studies on the pars disseminata of the prostate gland of Murrah buffalo during postnatal development,” Indian Journal of Animal Sciences, vol. 55, pp. 847–853, 1985. View at Google Scholar
  45. L. S. Sudhakar, L. D. Dhingra, and D. N. Sharma, “Histochemical studies on the prostate gland of Murrah Buffalo during postnatal development,” Indian Veterinary Journal, vol. 62, pp. 221–226, 1985. View at Google Scholar
  46. H. A. Ali, M. D. Tingari, and K. A. Moniem, “On the morphology of the accessory male glands and histochemistry of the ampulla ductus deferentis of the camel (Camelus dromedarius),” Journal of Anatomy, vol. 125, no. 2, pp. 277–292, 1978. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  47. A. B. A. Badawy, R. S. A. Ragab, and H. I. Youssef, “Histological and biochemical observations on the accessory reproductive glands of castrated camels,” Journal of the Egyptian Veterinary Medical Association, vol. 42, pp. 113–120, 1982. View at Google Scholar
  48. M. H. G. Moussa, A. B. A. Badawy, M. H. A. Kandil, and Y. M. Shahin, “Histological and histochemical studies of the accessory genital glands of buffalo-bull (Bubalis bubalis),” Anatomischer Anzeiger, vol. 153, no. 5, pp. 429–439, 1983. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  49. S. S. Rochel, A. Bruni-Cardoso, S. R. Taboga, P. S. L. Vilamaior, and R. M. Góes, “Lobe identity in the Mongolian gerbil prostatic complex: a new rodent model for prostate study,” Anatomical Record, vol. 290, no. 10, pp. 1233–1247, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  50. D. H. Cormack, “The male reproductive system,” in Essential Histology, Lippincott-Ravanen, Philadelphia, Pa, USA, 1st edition, 1997. View at Google Scholar
  51. T. S. Yao and O. N. Eaton, “Postnatal growth and histological development of reproductive organs in male goats,” The American Journal of Anatomy, vol. 95, no. 3, pp. 401–431, 1954. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  52. A. Tsukise and K. Yamada, “Histochemistry of glycoconjugates in the secretory epithelium of the goat bulbourethral gland,” Acta Anatomica, vol. 129, no. 4, pp. 344–352, 1987. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  53. S. C. Jacobs, B. A. Beehler, and G. Boese, “The prostate of the gorilla,” Prostate, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 597–603, 1984. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  54. A. Abou-Elmagd, “Morphologische Untersuchungen an Wandepithel und Anhangsdrüsen der Urethra des mannlichen Wasserbüffels (Bubalis bubalis),” in Inaugural-Dissertation zur Erlangung der Tiermedizinischen Doktorwürde der Tierärztlichen, Fakultät der Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, München, Germany, 1988. View at Google Scholar
  55. J. A. Chandler, B. G. Timms, M. S. Morton, and G. V. Groom, “Proceedings: effect of cadmium administration in vivo on plasma testosterone and the ultrastructure of accessory sex organs of the rat,” Journal of Endocrinology, vol. 69, no. 3, p. 21, 1976. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  56. Z. Hruban, J. Martan, A. Slesers, D. F. Steiner, M. Lubran, and M. Rechcigl Jr., “Fine structure of the prostatic epithelium of the opossum (Didelphis virginiana Kerr),” Journal of Experimental Zoology, vol. 160, no. 1, pp. 81–105, 1965. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  57. C. Hohbach and H. Ueberberg, “Ultrastructural and histochemical aspects of prostatic secretion in the dog,” Pathology Research and Practice, vol. 173, no. 3, pp. 225–235, 1982. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  58. H. E. S. Marei, H. A. El-Habback, and K. F. Abou-Esa, “Histology, fine structure and carbohydrate histochmistry of the epithelium of the accessory male genital glands of the Egyptian balady goat,” Veterinary Medical Journal Giza, vol. 52, pp. 165–182, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  59. J. Muntzing, H. Myhrberg, and J. Saroff, “Histochemical and ultrastructural study of prostatic tissue from baboons treated with antiprostatic drugs,” Investigative Urology, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 162–167, 1976. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  60. J. B. Brennick, J. X. O'Connell, G. R. Dickersin, and R. H. Young, “Lipofuscin pigmentation (so-called “melanosis”) of the prostate,” American Journal of Surgical Pathology, vol. 18, no. 5, pp. 446–454, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  61. Y.-J. Niu, T.-X. Ma, J. Zhang, Y. Xu, R.-F. Han, and G. Sun, “Androgen and prostatic stroma,” Asian Journal of Andrology, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 19–26, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  62. M. Jara, R. Carballada, and P. Esponda, “Age-induced apoptosis in the male genital tract of the mouse,” Reproduction, vol. 127, no. 3, pp. 359–366, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  63. J. Muntzing and T. Nilsson, “Lipofuscin in malignant and non-malignant human prostatic tissue,” Zeitschrift für Krebsforschung und klinische Onkologie, vol. 77, no. 2, pp. 166–170, 1972. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  64. M. Garcia-Florez, C. A. Oliveira, and H. F. Carvalho, “Early effects of estrogen on the rat ventral prostate,” Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, vol. 38, no. 4, pp. 487–497, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  65. S. A. Thompson, D. R. Rowley, and P. M. Heidger Jr., “Effects of estrogen upon the fine structure of epithelium and stroma in the rat ventral prostate gland,” Investigative Urology, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 83–89, 1979. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  66. Z. Weihua, M. Warner, and J.-Å. Gustafsson, “Estrogen receptor beta in the prostate,” Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology, vol. 193, no. 1-2, pp. 1–5, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  67. V. E. Filotto and P. Mongiardini, “Ricerche istochimiche sulle ghiandole annesse allápparato genitale maschile di (Lepus cuniculus),” Folia Clinica et Biologica, vol. 30, pp. 239–250, 1961. View at Google Scholar
  68. S. Jacob and S. Poddar, “Morphology and histochemistry of the ferret prostate,” Acta Anatomica, vol. 125, no. 4, pp. 268–273, 1986. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  69. M. Wrobel, “Histochemical and electron microscopical examinations of the prostate gland in dog and cat,” Zentralblatt für Veterinärmedizin C, vol. 1, pp. 93–116, 1972. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  70. E. M. Chaves, C. Aguilera-Merlo, V. Filippa, F. Mohamed, S. Dominguez, and L. Scardapane, “Anatomical, histological and immunohistochemical study of the reproductive system accessory glands in male viscacha (Lagostomus maximus maximus),” Journal of Veterinary Medicine Series C, vol. 40, no. 1, pp. 11–20, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  71. A. R. Seaman, “Cytological observation on the prostate gland of the dog,” The Anatomical Record, vol. 118, p. 353, 1954. View at Google Scholar
  72. J. Schencker, “Zur funktionellen Anatomie der Prostata des Rindes,” Acta Anatomica, vol. 9, pp. 69–102, 1965. View at Google Scholar
  73. D. Brandes and G. H. Bourne, “Histochemistry of the human prostate: normal and neoplastic,” The Journal of Pathology and Bacteriology, vol. 71, no. 1, pp. 33–36, 1956. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  74. M. Dym, “The male reproductive system,” in Histology, Cell and Tissue Biology, L. Weiss, Ed., Macmillan Press, 5th edition, 1983. View at Google Scholar