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Journal of Healthcare Engineering
Volume 5, Issue 2, Pages 247-260
Research Article

Energy Performance of Medium-sized Healthcare Buildings in Victoria, Australia- A Case Study

Priyadarsini Rajagopalan and Hisham Elkadi

School of Architecture and Built Environment, Deakin University, Australia

Received 1 August 2013; Accepted 1 February 2014

Copyright © 2014 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


This paper investigates the energy performance of three medium-sized healthcare buildings in Victoria, Australia, that operate only during the daytime. The aim is to provide preliminary understanding of energy consumption in this particular typology in Australia in relation to the available benchmarks. This paper also identifies the differences of energy consumption between different functional areas within medium health facilities. Building features and operational characteristics contributing to the variations in healthcare energy performance are discussed. The total annual energy consumption data ranging from 167-306 kWh/m2 or 42-72 kWh/m3 were compared against international data from various climatic zones. Some of the drivers of energy consumption were determined and potentials for energy and water conservation were identified. Comparison with international standards shows a possibility to achieve lower energy consumption in Victorian healthcare buildings.