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Journal of Healthcare Engineering
Volume 6, Issue 3, Pages 419-434
Research Article

Equipment and Energy Usage in a Large Teaching Hospital in Norway

Tarald Rohde1 and Robert Martinez2

1SINTEF, Technology and Society, Hospital Planning, Oslo, Norway
2Norconsult as, Sandvika, Norway

Received 1 October 2014; Accepted 1 April 2015

Copyright © 2015 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


This article presents a study of how equipment is used in a Norwegian University hospital and suggests ways to reduce hospital energy consumption. Analysis of energy data from Norway’s newest teaching hospital showed that electricity consumption was up to 50 % of the whole-building energy consumption. Much of this is due to the increasing energy intensity of hospital-specific equipment. Measured power and reported usage patterns for equipment in the studied departments show daytime energy intensity of equipment at about 28.5 kBTU/ft2 per year (90 kWh/m2 per year), compared to building code standard value of only 14.9 kBTU/ft2 (47 kWh/m2 per year) for hospitals. This article intends to fill gaps in our understanding of how users and their equipment affect the energy balance in hospitals and suggests ways in which designers and equipment suppliers can help optimize energy performance while maintaining quality in the delivery of health services.