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Journal of Healthcare Engineering
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 7836493, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/7836493
Research Article

Participative Facility Planning for Obstetrical and Neonatal Care Processes: Beginning of Life Process

1Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Neulaniementie 4, 70210 Kuopio, Finland
2SKA-Research Oy, Teollisuustie 9, 02880 Veikkola, Finland
3Turku University Hospital, Kiinamyllynkatu 4-8, 20520 Turku, Finland
4University of Helsinki, Yliopistonkatu 4, 00100 Helsinki, Finland

Received 13 July 2016; Revised 3 November 2016; Accepted 14 November 2016

Academic Editor: Emiliano Schena

Copyright © 2016 Jori Reijula et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Introduction. Old hospitals may promote inefficient patient care processes and safety. A new, functionally planned hospital presents a chance to create an environment that supports streamlined, patient-centered healthcare processes and adapts to users’ needs. This study depicts the phases of a facility planning project for pregnant women and newborn care processes (beginning of life process) at Turku University Hospital. Materials and Methods. Project design reports and meeting documents were utilized to assess the beginning of life process as well as the work processes of the Women’s and Children’s Hospital. Results. The main elements of the facility design (FD) project included rigorous preparation for the FD phase, functional planning throughout the FD process, and setting key values: (1) family-centered care, (2) Lean thinking and Lean tools as the framework for the FD process, (3) safety, and (4) cooperation. Conclusions. A well-prepared FD project with sufficient insight into functional planning, Lean thinking, and user-centricity seemed to facilitate the actual FD process. Although challenges occurred, the key values were not forgone and were successfully incorporated into the new hospital building.