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Journal of Healthcare Engineering
Volume 2016, Article ID 8184653, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/8184653
Research Article

Kids’ Perceptions toward Children’s Ward Healing Environments: A Case Study of Taiwan University Children’s Hospital

1Department of Product Design, Sanming University, Sanming City, Fujian, China
2Department of Arts and Plastic Design, Taipei University of Education, Taipei City, Taiwan

Received 11 March 2016; Revised 17 June 2016; Accepted 10 August 2016

Academic Editor: Jesus Favela

Copyright © 2016 Jeng-Chung Woo and Yi-Ling Lin. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This paper summarizes the opinions of experts who participated in designing the environment of a children’s hospital and reports the results of a questionnaire survey conducted among hospital users. The grounded theory method was adopted to analyze 292 concepts, 79 open codes, 25 axial codes, and 4 selective codes; in addition, confirmatory factor analysis and reliability analysis were performed to identify elements for designing a healing environment in a children’s hospital, and 21 elements from 4 dimensions, namely, emotions, space design, interpersonal interaction, and pleasant surroundings, were determined. Subsequently, this study examined the perceptions of 401 children at National Taiwan University Children’s Hospital. The results revealed that, regarding the children’s responses to the four dimensions and their overall perception, younger children accepted the healing environment to a significantly higher degree than did older children. The sex effect was significant for the space design dimension, and it was not significant for the other dimensions.